Who are phlegmatic and how do they differ from other types?
General impression of phlegmatic
If you peer into the team, you can immediately identify some particularly calm, somewhat indifferent at first glance personalities. Such people have excellent restraint, avoid conflict situations. At a time when the choleric person will insist in a dispute that he is right, the phlegmatic person will look for a way to quickly resolve it, to move away from a situation in which he "loses his balance."
Often, the type of people in question tends not to show strong emotions, not to show their discontent or disagreement at the moment.
It is not in his rules to show aggression, to succumb to bouts of unexpected rage, which can not be said about the type of temperament "choleric".
In the same way as the melancholic, he is heavily involved in a new team, adapts for a long time, looks at the people around him, evaluates them. While the sanguine person is eager for change, they frighten phlegmatic and disturb the peace of mind that is given to them by nature. But the sanguine and the phlegmatic have a common feature - they are able to settle conflicts and give in first, because the first are friendly towards others, and the second are ready for anything not to be participants in unpleasant situations.
If you see a balanced person in front of you and cannot understand his mood, then you are most likely to have a phlegmatic or melancholic person. To determine this for sure, it is enough for a person to pass a psychological test. Techniques in our time developed a large number. Two - three of them are able to give an accurate description of a person's character.
Characteristic features of phlegmatic behavior
Such a person, like melancholic, does not like to develop new patterns in behavior. She always adheres to the stimulus response model developed in the past. Behavioral reactions of this type of temperament "are at the intersection" of the other three.In a situation when the sanguine person will be restrained and active, the melancholic person will succumb to apathy and sadness, the choleric person will become aggressive, the phlegmatic person will be able to maintain self-control and remain indifferent.
A characteristic feature of all phlegmatic persons is slowness, unhurried reactions and actions. This expression underlines inexpressive mimicry. Despite outward indifference, a frank rejection of them will cause a situation where a choleric person or a sanguine person will try to impose their own pattern of behavior, to try to play a dominant role.
Sometimes it seems that such people are not interested in anything, nothing excites them. At work they can make an impression of an employee who performs his duties without enthusiasm. Contrary to this impression, they can become good performers. Phlegmatic natures have patience and patience in making decisions, which protects them from hasty conclusions and mistakes, but at the same time they do not allow “to get ahead of themselves”. It is not for nothing that when applying for a job, HR managers often give applicants a test for temperament.
The inner world of phlegmatic persons
Psychologists in one voice say that the phlegmatic and melancholic are introverts in their spiritual organization. Thanks to this quality, they know how to listen, penetrate the problem of a loved one, think it over and give good advice. At such moments, they are not focused on themselves, which makes many stolid natures excellent friends.
Modesty is the second trait of such people after equilibrium. In a situation where a choleric or sanguine person will parade his virtues and objects for pride to the whole world, the phlegmatic person will show modesty, and sometimes shyness. Self-esteem in phlegmatic persons may be understated. Typically, a temperament test contains many questions that allow one to evaluate a person’s modesty.
The ability to do several things at once, which, for example, is inherent in the type of temperament "choleric", is not enough expressed. Phlegmatic people find it very difficult to switch from one business to another, quickly change the pace of work and “be in two places at the same time.” Such personalities like monotonous, scrupulous, requiring attentiveness and assiduity work. Based on the characteristics of temperament,It is important to choose the right scope of activity.
The reason is their lack of conflict. Such people do not know how to be offended for a long time and accumulate negative emotions inside, like melancholic. They will not show aggression against a friend like choleric.
Love is inherent in any kind, regardless of temperament. Phlegmatic people know how to love passionately, with dedication, but often do not show this even to their partner. The second half of the phlegmatic person needs to learn to feel the mood of the partner, not to associate the lack of external manifestations of love with the lack of deep feelings. In most cases, a phlegmatic woman is more passionate than a man, despite her reserved temperament.
What are the tests to determine the temperament?
Psychologists in our time have developed many methods by which you can determine who you are - a sanguine, melancholic, choleric or phlegmatic. The test is likely to determine the type of temperament.Such information helps in all spheres of life - when choosing a profession, communicating with people, self-analyzing relationships with others, love relationships.
A common mistake of many is attributing itself to a certain type of temperament after studying the relevant information. A person can not be objective and assess their behavioral reactions from the side. One of the most popular tests are:
- Eysenck test;
- test A. Belova;
- test N. Obozova.
Techniques vary among themselves. To pass the test, it is enough to spend a little time, about 1 hour, and you can easily determine the type of temperament.
All people are very individual. The division into four types of temperament is a generalized approach. It so happens that two temperaments are mixed in the person at once. It is not often possible to meet representatives with brightly prevailing features of a particular temperament.