What is family planning

Olga Melnik
01.09.2015

What is family planning

Family planning is a range of activities widely used in the developed countries of the world. Responsible approach to the formation of the number of family members allows you to create a more prosperous and healthy society.

Family planningIn the post-Soviet countries a few decades ago, birth control issues were solved by radical methods: abortion was not always done in the right conditions, and contraceptives were in short supply.

Today, there are free access to all known contraceptives, in addition, there are family planning websites and special institutions dealing with this problem and allowing couples to solve such questions:

  • how to avoid unwanted pregnancy;
  • what intervals between pregnancies are optimal for the women's health and the health of future children;
  • determine for yourself the desired number of children;
  • be literate in matters of preparing for pregnancy for its healthy flow and safe delivery.

Specialists in various medical profiles, based on personal interviews, as well as physical examinations and analyzes, may recommend the following:

  • how to choose the most suitable contraceptive;
  • determine the cause of infertility and prescribe an appropriate course of treatment, both for women and men;
  • minimize the risk of miscarriage, etc.

Family planning: what is it for?

If the spouses decide to take a responsible approach to the issue of childbirth, the first thing experts pay attention to is the age of the future mother.

Age of the future motherSo, early pregnancy (up to 20 years) should occur under the strict supervision of the attending physician, since this category of women belongs to an increased risk group. The early age of the woman in labor can provoke complications both in the process of carrying the child and during childbirth. Women of 35 years and older should also be observed by an obstetrician-gynecologist and pay him visits more often than others, since the chance of having a child with various kinds of disabilities is higher than that of younger expectant mothers.

Family planning reduces the percentage of female mortality caused by such factors as: undetected in time genetic or malignant diseases, complications arising in the process of childbirth, abortion,produced by incompetent doctors and in unsanitary conditions.

It is important to understand that the reproduction of a family depends largely on how carefully a woman looks after her health. One mistake of the doctor committing the abortion, or the individual reaction of the body to abortion can radically change the reproductive system of a woman. According to doctors, early termination of pregnancy significantly increases the percentage of the risk of unsuccessful attempts to become pregnant in the future, increases the likelihood of miscarriages, premature births or infertility.

Unplanned pregnancy

The health of the unborn child also depends on the age of the woman. Babies born less than a year after a previous pregnancy and childbirth die twice as often as babies who were born 2 years or more from previous deliveries.

What determines the reproduction of the family

Pregnancy planning and intervals between childbirth are adjusted using various methods of contraception. The doctor will help you choose the most suitable one, especially if we are talking about prescribing hormonal drugs. The specialist will determine the appropriate tool based on the main points: the age of the woman,the presence of gynecological diseases and general health, the number of children, the presence and outcome of previous pregnancies, especially sexual life.

Methods of contraception and their differences

There is a large range of modern and effective methods of contraception. They differ in the mode of action, a greater or lesser degree of efficiency, use cases.

Contraceptive methods

The most common contraceptives include:

  • barrier (condoms, intrauterine devices, sponges, caps);
  • hormonal (in the form of tablets or injections, plaster, vaginal ring);
  • intrauterine devices;
  • radical (suggest sterilization of one or both spouses).

Contraceptive, selected by a specialist on the basis of a study of the organism of each individual patient, guarantees the most reliable protection against unwanted pregnancy. It is extremely important to follow the instructions and systematically comply with the requirements for the application of a method. This will help to have a regular sex life and plan the birth of the desired child.


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