What diseases can talk about increased sleepiness
Causes of Drowsiness
Today, drowsiness can have a wide variety of causes. Modern medicine among the main symptoms distinguishes diseases such as sleep apnea syndrome, narcolepsy, Klein-Levine syndrome.
All of them are severe neuropsychiatric diseases that greatly change the course of everyday life of a person who suffers from them. However, other diseases are accompanied by sleepiness. In particular, the pathology of the cardiovascular and endocrine systems of the body.
However, there are completely different factors that can cause drowsiness. In this case, the reasons for it will depend entirely on the lack of sunlight, which we can observe at such times of the year as autumn and winter. To compensate for this deficiency, you need to use fluorescent lamps, the length of light waves of which is 420 nanometers.
Quite often, a dream for a person is the last refuge where he hides from any trouble, boredom or stress. Getting into this kind of situation, the individual begins to show drowsiness. Therefore, help will be to solve the problem, but not to avoid it. If it is not possible to resolve the issue on your own, then you should use the advice of a psychologist.
However, stressful situations and chronic sleep deprivation are eliminated on their own, but there are cases when the intervention of a doctor is simply necessary. Let's try to consider the latter.
Diseases accompanied by sleepiness
Among these diseases, there are:
- Iron deficiency anemia- This condition is provoked by a lack of iron in the body. At a late stage, there is a deficiency in blood cells as well. Severe anemic syndrome or anemia also manifests itself against the background of latent iron deficiency or sideropenic syndrome. The level of iron in hemoglobin decreases in the very last turn, because it is a specific protective reaction of the body that prevents the lack of oxygen.In the early stages, iron deficiency can be found in the process of determining the total iron-binding function of ferritin and serum;
Hypotension or low blood pressureIt can also cause drowsiness, which is caused by low vascular tone. With this disease, drowsiness will be explained only by a decrease in the intensity of blood circulation in the brain. In such patients may be observed - general weakness, lethargy, motion sickness in transport, dizziness.
Hypotension may occur on the background of increased physical and mental stress, stress, intoxication, beriberi, depressive disorders, anemia
- Hypothyroidism- the disease also causes drowsiness, the causes of which are hidden in reducing the functions of the thyroid gland. As such, the disease has no specific symptoms. All of them, as a rule, are disguised as other diseases. The most frequent provoker of this disease is the treatment of thyrotoxicosis or under the influence of autoimmune thyroiditis. Developed hypothyroidism can also cause drowsiness as a side effect after a therapeutic course of treatment with amiodarone, which is used to eliminate cardiac arrhythmias, as well as after the use of cytokines in the treatment of infectious hepatitis.However, the disease is accompanied not only by drowsiness, but also by dry skin, fast fatigue, chilliness, constipation, loss of memory, depressive conditions, and in women also menstrual disorders, infertility.
- Pickwick syndrome.It is also characterized by daytime sleepiness, but other symptoms besides it are also observed: 3 or 4 degrees of obesity, blueness of fingers and lips, slowness, edema, and increased blood viscosity;
- Narcolepsy- is one of the sleep disorders during which a person is able to fall asleep for a few minutes without experiencing any sensation of fatigue. It is worth noting that his awakening will be as easy as immersion into sleep itself. Immersion in the realm of Morpheus in such patients is no different from falling asleep to a healthy person. The only difference is that narcolepsy sufferers cannot predict when and exactly where they will fall asleep, and how long their sleep will be. In most cases, the forerunner of fast sleep are: severe weakness and the inability to move the limbs. Quite often, these conditions are accompanied by complete loss of hearing, sight or smell, however, all of them are reversible.
Separate groups of diseases
In a separate group of diseases that provoke the appearance of drowsiness, include respiratory disorders in sleep and obesity. In the first case, sleep apnea syndrome and Pickwick syndrome are implied. Quite often, these two pathologies are inseparable.
It is worth noting that a brain injury can also cause drowsiness, as well as accompanied by headaches, bruises under the eyes, dizziness.
As a special case, among this kind of drowsy disease, a disease called"Klein-Levin syndrome". This condition is quite rare. A person experiences imperative or insurmountable drowsiness. He can fall asleep at any moment and sleep for several hours or several days. This kind of sleepy intervals alternate with a feeling of complete health, the frequency of which ranges from three to six months.
After waking up, patients, in spite of the fact that they feel excellent, always experience extreme hunger, less often aggression, general arousal and hypersexuality.
To date, the cause of this disease has not been established. The disease affects boys between the ages of 13 and 19, more precisely during puberty or puberty.