1. NAMI Luaz “Proto”
In 1989 in the USSR, such a machine could easily get into mass production. She was positioned as a 4-seater SUV. The machine was equipped with a reinforced steel frame, which was closed by removable panels (which greatly simplified repairs). The seats in the car were arranged in such a way that it turned out one wide bed, which occupied almost the entire cabin.
2. NAMI 0288 "Compact"
This car was intended as the first Soviet mini. "Compact" was assembled in 1988. in a single copy. He had such indicators: the maximum speed - 150 km / h, the consumption of gasoline 6l per 100 km. In addition, the car had an on-board computer, which was responsible for the operation of the suspension and other elements. NAMI 0288 Compact took the 5th place (in 1989) at the Tokyo Motor Show among the 30 concept cars presented there. However, the imminent collapse of the Soviet Union put the final point on the issue of implementing NAMI 0288 Compact.
3. ZIS 112
At the Stalin plant, Soviet engineers tried to create decent sports cars of domestic production. Of the seven variants developed, the model ZIS-112 (later ZIL-112) must be singled out. The creation of this car was inspired by the legendary Buick X90. However, the ZIS 112 had its own style. Its length was almost 6m, and it weighed a little less than 3m. For this reason, the car is not suitable for participation in circuit racing and began to alter it.
4. Moskvich 408 "Tourist"
In 1964 Moskvich 408 was created, which even now can be rarely seen on the roads of the CIS countries. However, few people know that the younger brother of this car, Moskvich-480 "Tourist", was created almost at the same period.This model was made in the unusual for Soviet people coupe-cabriolet. This car had an electronic fuel injection, more powerful than the usual Moskvich engine (63 hp), as well as a maximum speed of 130 km / h.
A significant drawback was the removable plastic roof, which did not fit in the trunk, which required storing it somewhere in the garage. It should be noted that at that time all the production facilities at AZLK were occupied by ordinary Muscovites 408, and the “Tourist” model, released in only 2 copies, was not further disseminated.
This car was collected in the Leningrad branch of the US. The salon was designed as a 7-seater with the possibility of transformation (the front seats could turn on 180, and the middle row easily turned into a table). The headlights of this car were built into the front bumper, from which a spoiler was pulled out at high speeds (to increase downforce). The mass release of this car prevented the collapse of the USSR.
In order to create a decent Soviet executive class car, the ZIL plant acquired for a detailed study Rolls Royce Silver Spirit.ZIL-4102 was created in just 2 copies, each of which was equipped with a powerful V-shaped 8-cylinder engine (power 315 hp, acceleration to hundreds - in just 10s) and a modern speaker system with 10 speakers, which could play not only the radio, but even read the CD.
The fate of this machine decided MS. Gorbachev. He did not like the car and the development was closed. Interestingly, one of the copies of the ZIL-4102 is still kept in one of the private collections and from time to time takes part in exhibitions.
7. "Muscovites" 80s
Already in the 80s of the last century, it became clear to engineers that Moskvich was morally obsolete. It is clearly inferior to Western counterparts, both in technical parameters and in design.
This prompted the development of new models, among which it is worth to highlight:
- Moskvich-2139 "Arbat" was supposed as the first Soviet 7-seater mini-vein.
- Moskvich-2143 "Yauza" with original, but strange side windows, which were divided into 2 parts, and only the lower one fell from them.
- Moskvich-2144 "Istra" with a body of aluminum and side windows that did not fall, and ventilation was assumed due to the small air vents and air conditioning.
This car was planned to be equipped with airbags and ABS system.The image from the night vision device, as well as information about the speed of movement was supposed to be displayed on the windshield using a small projector. Regarding all these machines, it can be said that their fate ended with the existence of the Soviet Union.
8. VAZ-2702 "Pony"
Back in 1974 VAZ engineers began to create a compact electric freight car. In this machine, many interesting engineering solutions were connected (from a heater on ethyl alcohol to an aluminum frame made of pipes). However, field tests revealed a number of problems, such as a persistent alcohol smell in the car's cabin, spontaneous opening of the air vents during movement, insufficient frame strength, as well as unreliable brakes. The car was subjected to modifications. However, she didn’t pass the second tests, but during the third crash test she completely collapsed right in front of the testers.
9. ZIL-118 "Youth"
The well-known ZIL-111 looked like a real Soviet limousine for important people of that time. In the 60s, the engineers of the USSR set out to create beads of the same level of comfort. So the ZIL-118 “Youth” model appeared, which had a smooth ride and high-quality trim. In 1967 At the bus exhibition in Nice, the car immediately received 17 awards.However, the car was never sent to mass production due to the high cost of the project. These cars were made several times a year by special orders of the KGB, television, and as emergency vehicles. For the entire period, only 93 ZIL-118 "Youth" was released.
10. MAZ-2000 “Perestroika”
In 1985 At the Minsk Automobile Plant, the development of the MAZ 2000 model began. In the process, a team of young engineers patented more than 30 new concepts that are currently purchased by foreign companies and are used in the production of trucks. In 1988, the truck was shown at the Paris Motor Show, where experts appreciated its worth (gold medal for technical solutions). The collapse of the USSR prevented the launch of this worthy car in mass production.