The biggest ships in the world 2
Today I will talk about the largest ships in the world: passenger, military, cargo, industrial. Some of them are so large that they cannot pass into the canals and straits, and the entrance to most of the ports of the world is closed to them.
Five of them have been sent recently, two have already been written off, and for one you can even buy a ticket. Each of them - the champion in its category.
Four Statues of Liberty
Length - 382 m, width - 124 m, deadweight - 48,000 tons. Launched in 2013.
The catamaran ship Pioneering Spirit, which until February 2015 was called Pieter Schelte, is the absolute champion in deck space. The creators claim that it can fit a small town. Four statues of Liberty (93 m with a pedestal) could be laid in length. The ship was built in South Korea on the project of the Finnish company. Its function is to lay underwater pipelines and move drilling platforms. In January 2015, the ship arrived in Europe and had already managed to be at the center of the scandal because of its name - in honor of the Nazi criminal Peter Shelte Heerm, an officer of the SS forces who was found guilty of war crimes and escaped punishment.Seeing a giant ship with such a name in Rotterdam, the Jewish communities of Great Britain and Holland raised a fuss, with the result that even the British government spoke in favor of renaming the ship. Under pressure from the public, the head of the company Allseas, which owns the miracle ship, and the birth son of Peter Shelte, Edward Heerma, agreed not to use the father’s name in the catamaran’s name and changed it to neutral Pioneering Spirit.
Length - 342 m, width - 78.4 m, displacement - 94 781 tons. Commissioned in 1961, decommissioned in 2012.
The US aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN-65) exceeded in length all the warships of the world, and was also the first aircraft carrier in the world with a nuclear power plant. The maximum capacity was 5,828 people, up to 90 aircraft could be on board at the same time, but usually 60 were deployed. The total ammunition for weapons was 2,520 tons. It was originally planned to create six such machines, but because of the high price ($ 451 million), it was the only one of its kind - its feature was not only the size, but also the presence of eight A2W type reactors.
The aircraft carrier became a symbol of US naval power and was used in almost all wars and conflicts involving this country: in the Caribbean crisis,in the Vietnam War in 1965, in Iraq in 1998, in Afghanistan in 2001, in the Iraq war of the 2000s, in the fight against Somali pirates in 2011.
During its long life, an aircraft carrier went out to sea 25 times, made one circumnavigation of the world (in 1964), set a record for the number of combat sorties from a ship (65 per day in 1965) and almost exploded in 1969, when An unplanned self-launch of aerial bombs occurred, which provoked the launch of missiles and the destruction of 15 aircraft. Then 27 people were killed, 314 people were injured, and the damage caused to the ship was estimated at $ 6.4 million. However, the wonder aircraft carrier was repaired and continued to sail until it was written off in 2012. Its full utilization is scheduled for 2016.
The longest ship on earth
Length - 488 m, width - 74 m, deadweight - 600 000 t. Launched in 2013.
The largest ship on the planet and the largest floating structure ever created by man is the Prelude FLING. It is equal in length to the famous Wailing Wall in Israel. On board could accommodate five full-size soccer fields or 175 Olympic swimming pools. However, its purpose is different: it is the world's first floating factory for the extraction and liquefaction of natural gas.
The vessel belongs to the Dutch-British oil and gas company Shell, built in South Korea by Samsung Heavy Industries, and will work off the coast of Australia, extracting gas from the ocean floor - the first drilling is scheduled for 2017. In the strict sense of the word, this is not a ship at all: the Prelude will not be able to sail under its own power, and it will have to be towed to the workplace. But this monster is unsinkable and indestructible: it was created specifically for service in the “zone of cyclones” in the open ocean and is able to withstand a hurricane of even the fifth, highest category. The planned service life is 25 years.
Length - 362 m, width - 60 m, deadweight - 19,750 tons. Launched in 2009.
The largest cruise ship, Allure of the Seas, can accommodate 6,296 passengers and 2,384 crew members. Made in Finland by the Norwegian company STX Europe, it is owned by the US-Norwegian company Royal Caribbean International and runs between the USA and Europe. On board is placed an entire city: 2,700 cabins, a park with live trees and flowers, an ice skating rink, a water park, a climbing wall, a theater for 1,380 spectators, as well as shops, bars, restaurants, baths, saunas, etc. It is noteworthy that this ship has the twin of the same class is the Oasis of the Seas cruise liner. However, Allure of the Seas is 5 cm longer.The price of a 12-day cruise across the Atlantic from Fort Lauderdale to Barcelona starts at 53,600 rubles.
Petronas Towers with Spiers
The length is 458.45 m, the width is 68.86 m, and the deadweight is 564 763 tons. It was launched in 1979 and disposed of in 2010.
The largest tanker for transportation of oil Seawise Giant for its size hit the Guinness Book of Records. The ship is 6 meters longer than the 88-storey Petronas towers in Kuala Lumpur, along with the spiers, and is approximately equal in width to the football field. It is so large that the draft did not allow it to pass through the Suez, Panama canals and the English Channel.
Designed and built in Japan by Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ltd. in the mid-1970s, the tanker was destined for a Greek customer. However, he refused to buy: during the tests revealed a strong vibration of the hull during a voyage in reverse. As a result, the ship was resold by the Hong Kong company and rebuilt: its full-load displacement reached an absolute record of 657,018 tons. During its long life, the ship changed owners and names several times, it was Happy Giant, Jahre Viking, Knock Nevis, Mont, went under Liberian, Norwegian, American flags and flying the flag of Sierra Leone.
In 1986, the Seawise Giant was nearly destroyed during the Iran-Iraq war.A rocket fired by an Iraqi fighter caused a fire on board, the crew evacuated, and the ship ran aground in the Strait of Hormuz and was considered to have sunk. The Norwegians found it, repaired it and sent it to a new voyage. Since 2004, the world's largest tanker has ceased to be floating and was used as an oil storage facility near Qatar. In 2009, he made his last trip to the shores of India and was dismantled for scrap. After the disposal of the giant, the four largest double-hull TI-class ships are the largest supertankers: Oceania, Africa, Asia and Europe. They are 380 m long and surpass their competitors in deadweight - 441,585 tons.
Stadium running track
The length is 400 m, the width is 58.6 m, the deadweight is 184,605 tons, the capacity is 19,100 teu (1 teu is a standard 20-foot container). Launched in 2014.
In January 2015, the world's longest container ship CSCL Globe made its first flight from China to Europe. It was built at the South Korean shipyard Hyundai Heavy Industries and is owned by the Chinese company China Shipping Container Lines. Although this ship is the largest among container ships (it could have run a 400 m race), it is inferior in load to another giant: MSC Oscar, which was also recently built in South Korea for an Italian company and can translate into 124 containers more.The difference is not great, but the Chinese container ship has a longer length and the engine is the most powerful in the world: a MAN diesel engine of 77,200 liters is hiding in the engine compartment of the vessel. with. and a height of 17.2 m. Korean shipbuilders are not going to stop there and predict the emergence of new giant container ships.
Six Pisa Towers
Length - 362 m, width - 65 m, deadweight - 402 347 tons. Launched in 2010.
The largest dry cargo carriers for the transport of ore are called Valemax: this is a series of ships of the Brazilian mining company Vale SA. Seven ore carriers were ordered by this company in South Korea and another 12 in China. The pioneer among the twins was the vessel Vale Brasil, later renamed Ore Brasil: it was launched in 2010 and serves to transport ore from Brazil to Asia. This bulk carrier replaces 11,150 truck-ore carriers, burns almost 97 tons of fuel per day and ranks second among the ships by deadweight, yielding primacy to TI-class vessels. Because of its size, it can only berth in some deep-sea ports of Brazil, China and Europe. It could easily fit the six Leaning towers of Pisa, if you put them in length.