Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat?

Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat?
logo

Such a serious question as the treatment of adenoids in children, worries many parents. Indeed, according to statistics, the diagnosis of adenoiditis - inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsil or tonsil hypertrophy and their pathological increase, is put on average by 6% of children, both boys and girls.

In adults, the development of such diseases is also possible, but this happens much less frequently, more often the adenoids are inflamed and enlarged in children aged 3-10 years. And since doctors often suggest their removal, the topic revolves around whether the child can cure these ailments without undergoing surgery.

Conservative therapy for adenoids

Despite some problematic nature of this organ, the pharyngeal tonsils perform rather important functions - they are involved in the production of lymphocytes - immune cells that protect nasopharyngeal mucous tissues from penetration and reproduction of infectious pathogens.

However, when adenoids appear in the nose, the tonsils cannot perform their function qualitatively. This is due to the penetration into the nasopharynx of various infections, and the tonsils, in order to fully protect the body, begin to increase in size. Restraining many infections, they eventually “give up” and turn themselves into the focus of the disease. Inflamed tonsils make it difficult for the child to breathe, so they must be treated.

In this case, there are 2 treatment options for adenoids - a conservative or surgical method. Some specialists, including the well-known Candidate of Medical Sciences pediatrician Komarovsky, recommend striving to avoid surgery by all means. However, otolaryngologist still agrees that this can be done only at the first and second stages of the disease, but at the third stage, it is unlikely that they will be able to get rid of the adenoids without the intervention of the surgeon.

Conservative treatment of adenoids includes the following points:

  • the use of medicines;
  • laser therapy;
  • taking homeopathic remedies;
  • physiotherapy.

Drug use

treatment of adenoids in childrenThe use of special drugs in the treatment of adenoids in a child helps to remove mucous accumulations in the nasal cavity and nasopharynx.After cleansing the mucosa, apply drugs for local action. The goal of therapy is to suppress the activity of pathogenic microorganisms, to maximize the reduction of symptoms and prevent the development of complications.

In the case of viral form of adenoiditis in a child, it is advisable to take drugs with an antihistamine effect, use drops with a vasoconstrictor effect, wash the nose with saline solutions and use antiseptics.

Acute illness in a child caused by bacteria requires the mandatory use of antibiotics from the penicillin group or cephalosporin series.

Laser treatments

Treatment of adenoids with a laser is a safe and most effective technique. During its implementation, the adenoids warm up, and the beam acts directly on the focus of the inflammatory process. The laser effect reduces the swelling of lymphoid tissues, has a positive effect on the immune system, eliminates inflammation.

But a long study of this method of treatment of adenoids in children has not been carried out, although in ENT-practice laser therapy has long been well proven, this is confirmed by numerous positive reviews.This method is prescribed for hypertrophy of the tonsils 1 and 2 degrees.

Among the positive points are the following:

  • laser treatment of adenoids in childrenpainless, which is important for treating tonsils in a child;
  • held on an outpatient basis;
  • the laser beam affects only inflamed tissue, without affecting the state of healthy areas;
  • completely eliminates infection in the area of ​​inflammation;
  • therapeutic effect occurs quickly enough;
  • microcirculation is optimized in the process, new capillaries appear, the walls of which are strong and elastic;
  • metabolic processes are accelerated;
  • when sharing drugs, absorption of the latter improves;
  • immunity in a child increases;
  • breathing is restored by the nose.

Treatment of adenoids in children without surgery using a laser is very effective in hypertrophic processes, including those complicated by the inflammatory process in the tonsils, adenoiditis.

Homeopathic medicines

This method is the safest available. However, it helps only when the form of adenoids or tonsil hypertrophy is not used, and is used in conjunction with official methods.

Parents should be aware that homeopathic home treatment of adenoids in a child is a very long process and can last more than one month. But if doctors recommend this technique, then you should be patient and continue therapy, according to the proposed scheme.

Among the popular preparations of homeopathy for adenoids, the following can be noted:

  • Calcium carbonicum;
  • silicea;
  • thuja essential oil for instillation of the nose (the product is sold under the names Tuya-DN, Tuya-GF, Edas-801);
  • riniltis;
  • barium carbonate;
  • Hydrastis - is used to soak tampons and place them in the nasal passages.

Adenoids 2 degrees in children, like the 3rd, in most cases are subject to removal, but in this case, to increase tissue regeneration, you can give the child arnica, bellis, calendula, staphysagria or eucalyptus vitaminalis.

Physiotherapy

These activities perfectly complement the drug treatment of adenoids:

  1. Electrophoresis with drugs - shown for children over 3 years old. The main technique for inflammation of the adenoids is called the installation of a galvanic collar after Shcherbak.Most often, the procedure is carried out with potassium iodide, novocaine solution, Dimedrol, Prednisolone, etc.
  2. The use of darsonvalization - on mucous surfaces and skin is exposed to pulsed high-frequency currents.
  3. Ultra-high-frequency therapy (the action of continuous or pulsed currents, the height of which is ultra-high) is a procedure that is often used for ENT pathologies in children.
  4. Induction is also called high-frequency magnetic therapy - with adenoids it is usually used in conjunction with electrophoresis or mud therapy.
  5. UV - exposure to the foci of infection with ultraviolet rays.

Also, often with adenoids, a child is prescribed a course of massage of the face, collar area and breathing exercises. If a child often inflamed adenoids, then parents are advised to take him more often to sanatorium-and-spa holidays in favorable climatic conditions - Crimea, Sochi.

Recipes from alternative folk medicine

Popular treatment of adenoids in children is quite popular among other methods. There are a huge number of recipes that help eliminate the inflammation of the tonsils and reduce other symptoms.True, experts warn - it is important to first check whether the child is allergic to the components in the funds.

Among the effective options you can use the following:

  1. treatment of adenoids in children without surgeryAloe Nose Drops.
    The juice is taken from the lower fleshy leaves of the plant and immediately after squeezing it, 2 drops are dropped into each nasal passage. The duration of therapy for adenoids is two months.
  2. Clove infusion.
    It is necessary to take 10 pieces of spices, pour a glass of boiling water and insist until the liquid becomes chocolate color. It is also used for instillation of the nose, with a dosage as the previous tool.
  3. Inhalation with catnip decoction.
    This medicinal plant is often used in traditional medicine recipes for adenoids. With adenoids, raw materials are poured with a liter of boiling water and cooked over low heat for 10 minutes. With this tool, make steam inhalation. The multiplicity of procedures - 4 times a day, the duration of each is 5-7 minutes.
  4. Drops from oak bark.
    The broth is prepared in a water bath for half an hour, filling the bark with 500 ml of water. Then the tool is infused, filtered and buried 2-3 drops in each nostril 3 times a day.If drops are assigned to small children, then the resulting broth should be diluted with boiled water in a ratio of 1: 1.
  5. A decoction of horsetail.
    Healing herbs poured boiling water and boil for 10 minutes. Then the container should be covered with a lid, wrap with a blanket and leave for 2 hours. The broth is used for washing the nasopharynx, the procedure is carried out in the morning and evening during the week.
  6. Infusion of medicinal collection.
    The raw material is oregano, train and coltsfoot. You need to take the same amount of ingredients, put in a thermos and pour half a liter of boiling water. Infused tool 10-12 hours, you can do it at night. The infusion is filtered, it is added 3-4 drops of essential oils - thuja, pine or fir. Used for daily washings of the nasopharynx.

Treatment of folk adenoids in a child is usually an additional therapy, but their use should be coordinated with your doctor.

When is surgery for adenoids necessary?

Inflamed and enlarged adenoids in children, the symptoms and treatment of which may be different, many doctors believe are harbingers of complications.In this regard, experts often recommend removal of the tonsils, but the last word rests with the parents.

The indications for surgical intervention in adenoids in a child are the following states:

  • obstructed nasal breathing or its complete impossibility;
  • deformation changes in the chest and face;
  • heavily enlarged adenoids;
  • hearing impairment.
There are also a number of relative causes: regular exacerbations of rhinitis, adenoiditis in chronic form, the child snores at night, sleep is disturbed, frequent otitis, sinusitis, acute respiratory viral infection. Surgical intervention in a child is prescribed if various conservative methods have been tried, but relapse of the disease occurs every 3-4 months.

As a surgery for inflammation or an increase in adenoids in children, adenotomy is often performed, which removes the enlarged tonsil. The procedure does not last very long, and the result is noted already on the first day after its implementation. The child disappears facial asymmetry, and he quickly catches the development of their peers.

However, one should not forgetthat an adenotomy is a surgical intervention that has some risks, for example, in some situations, the tonsils grow back, so the issue of its implementation is solved individually. In this case, you will need expert advice to help determine why adenoids have arisen. The ENT, the pediatrician, the immunologist, the allergist will help with this question.

Preventive measures

To the question of the operation was not, it is important to pay attention to the prevention of adenoids in a child. The complex of measures includes the prevention of acute respiratory infections - hardening, proper nutrition, balanced physical activity. It is advisable to give the child in the cold season immunostimulating agents and vitamin-mineral complexes.

Any ENT diseases, regardless of their severity, should be cured promptly. It is important that the child contacts with carriers of infection as seldom as possible and during the outbreak of infectious diseases use personal protective equipment. Following these tips will help avoid problems with the adenoids.

Related news

  • Prayer for peace of mind will calm the heart
  • Pink Lake is a wonder of our planet
  • What is love and love and how to distinguish between them
  • What is fashionable to wear knitted cardigans
  • 5 stupid questions that scientists still answered

  • Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat

    Pharyngeal tonsils - remove or treat