Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

June 1, 2014

Palmanova - a fortress city with a population of about 5,400 people, located in the northeast of the country about 25 km south of Udine, was founded at the end of the 16th century, with the direct support of the government of the Republic of Venice. Palmanova was supposed to be a model of the city-fortress.

Later, the residents themselves, tried to realize the utopian idea that symmetry really helps people to live and develop. The shape of a nine-sided star was formed so that any of the nine “corners” could receive support and help from the neighboring “corner” in the event of an attack. The city could be reached through one of the three gates. Inside, the city consists of three "ring-levels". The author of the project of the city-fortress was the famous Italian architect Vincenzo Scamozzi.

1. On October 7, 1593, the first stone of the new fortress was laid, called the “city-star” due to its shape of a nine-cornered star.

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2. Palmanova was conceived mainly as a defensive structure to strengthen the borders and preventTurkish invasions: the number of bastions and the length of the sides of the fortress were calculated taking into account the range of guns of that time.

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3. During Venetian rule, the fortress was equipped with two rings of fortification fortifications with curtains, earthen ramparts, moats and ravelins, which protected the three approaches to the city - from the side of Udine, Cividale and Aquileia.

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4. In 1797, the Austrian army deceitfully entered the fortress. But the Austrians did not have time to enjoy the victory, as the French took possession of the fortress. After the signing of the Campo-Formira peace treaty, Palmanova again withdrew to the Austrians, who held her for several years.

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5. In 1805, the French entered the fortress, and during this period the third circle of fortifications appeared. In 1814, the star city returned to the Habsburg again.

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6. Under Austrian rule (1815–1866), the Public Theater was built, becoming the main distributor of the Risorgimento ideas.

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7. In 1848, the townspeople, led by General Zucchi, mutinied against the Austrians. In 1866, Palmanova joined the Italian Kingdom.

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8. During World War I, the fortress became the center of distribution and supply for the army.After the battle of Caporetto, the city was set on fire by the retreating troops of the Italian army.

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  • Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

    Palmanova - a symmetrical fortress city

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