Milk teeth - an important stage in the life of the child and parents
Baby teeth in children is what parents are eagerly awaiting, and at the first whim of the crumbs, they begin to look into the mouth - but has anything appeared there? But indeed, the eruption of teeth is an important stage in life, which is associated with both anxiety and joy. How does this difficult process go through, how many baby teeth do babies have and when do they begin to be replaced by indigenous ones?
Features of milk teeth
Dairy - these are the first teeth that are “given” to the children for a while, and then they, one by one, fall out, and they are replaced by permanent or radical ones. Although there is no strict framework when they should begin to grow and change, on average, the change of milk teeth in children falls on 6-7 years of age.
The first tooth of the crumbs appears in 6-8 months, and the full dentition of milk teeth appears only by 3 years. There is a special schedule in which the periods of growth and loss of teeth are indicated, but some deviations are completely allowed.However, if the eruption occurs too early or the long-awaited tooth does not want to appear, then it is better to consult with a dentist.
Sometimes it seems to parents that the loss of milk teeth in children is a painless process, since temporary teeth do not have roots and nerves. But, in fact, these zubikov have everything - just nature took care that they would collapse, loosen and leave the gums to change, without causing pain.
First tooth - what is it?
Even during intrauterine development, the process of mineralization occurs, and what teeth will be, depends on the course of pregnancy. When the teeth begin to erupt, their crowns are filled with mineral salts, and the roots grow.
And it all starts with the lower incisor - it is this tooth located in the center that appears first. There are cases when this happens very early - in 3-4 months, and sometimes eruption lasts up to 15-18 months. But there are more unique situations when a newborn baby is born with a tooth, and sometimes not with one.
Often, parents are worried about the fact that other children already have teeth, and their children are not in a hurry. But in fact, the earlier appearance of teeth is not an indicator of any superiority in development, just as their later eruption is not a sign of impairment.
There are not only the terms of teething, there is also a scheme according to which the sequence of one or another tooth comes. As already noted, it all starts with incisors, but the most difficult are the canines - they are considered the most painful, and parents are advised at the time of their eruption to take care of the baby from colds.
If we talk about the exact sequence, it looks like this:
- lower central incisors- they grow at the same time or alternately;
- lateral incisors- first lower, and then upper, in most cases, one-year-old children already have all the incisors - 4 each from above and below;
- fangs- but as they have to give way to future permanent teeth, so-called “dental gaps” often appear instead of them.
When baby teeth appear in children, the pattern of falling out and eruption is as follows:
Initially, the lower ones appear - by 6-10 months, 1-2 months later - the upper ones. Begin to fall in 6-8 years.
The eruption of the lower falls on the age of 7-15 months, the upper - from 9 months to a year. Start falling from 7 years.
In the lower jaw, these milk teeth in children "climb" from 1g to 4 months. up to 1g 11 months Actually, the same period accounts for the eruption of the upper canines. They fall at the age of 9-12 years.
The first molars (indigenous).
In a year and a half, the first milk molar tooth appears - a molar in the lower part. The upper erupt through 1-2 months. The period of loss falls on 9-11 years.
The appearance of lower molars usually occurs from 1 g to 8 months, and sometimes it takes up to 2 years. Upper cut from 25 to 33 months.
So, if you are interested in how many milk teeth children have, there are only two dozen of them.
How is the change of teeth?
As a rule, in this case we are talking about a certain sequence. That is, baby teeth fall out in children according to the scheme, although, here there are exceptions.The first molars fall out, they are also called the sixth teeth. After the incisors start to leave the gums, and the last are the premolars.
The change of the first pair of premolars occurs at 10 years, the second at 12 years. Then a pair of fangs falls out. On the 14th anniversary, there is the growth of the second molars, and after - the third molars, that is, the “wisdom teeth”. Interestingly, the eruption of the latter can be postponed indefinitely, and even not all adults have them.
What to do when changing teeth should not?
When baby teeth fall out, some things will have to be abandoned and follow certain rules, otherwise the process can be significantly complicated:
- first of all, it is not recommended to loosen the rocking baby tooth specially;
- from the diet, it is desirable to exclude solid food - candy caramel, crackers, nuts, etc .;
- you can not cauterize open wells using antiseptic agents: hydrogen peroxide, tinctures and solutions in alcohol.
In addition, care should be taken that every six months the child will visit the dental office. And in some cases, milk teeth need to be removed.
When do you need specialist help?
Milk teeth are very important for the full development of the facial skeleton and chewing muscle tissue. And, besides, they save places that permanent teeth were cut without disturbances. These are the main reasons why parents should take care that baby teeth are strong and healthy and do not fall out ahead of time.
Among the common reasons for this are the following:
- tooth injury: a crack appeared, a piece broke off;
- the tooth swings, but cannot fall in any way, delivering unpleasant sensations and soreness to the child;
- neglected caries can not cure the tooth;
- if the tooth should fall out long ago, and the image indicates that the resorption of its root has already occurred;
- the molar tooth is already trying to erupt, but the milk that has not fallen out in time prevents it.
If the specialist decides that the removal is necessary, then the parents can only agree.By the way, milk teeth are completely different from the root ones. This is due to the fact that the child continues to grow the jaw, the bite of the mixed type and there are rudiments of permanent teeth.
Technically, the procedure cannot be called complex, but a cautious approach is required, because we are talking about thin alveolar walls and a pronounced divergence of the roots. Therefore, it is best to contact a pediatric dentist, who will take into account all the features of a child's tooth.
Should milk teeth be treated?
There is an opinion that the treatment of milk teeth in children is a useless undertaking, because they will fall out so soon. However, this approach is fundamentally wrong, because a tooth affected by caries is an infectious focus, due to which the pathogen can spread throughout the body. First of all, the respiratory tract suffers, hence the frequent diseases of the throat, which often become chronic. And in addition, diseases can affect and internal organs - kidneys, liver, heart.
If baby teeth in children causes caries to such an extent that they are destroyed, or due to illness they have to be removed, then the process of chewing food is disturbed.A complication of this phenomenon is the development of gastrointestinal disease. Another unpleasant moment - when a tooth leaves its place ahead of time, the dentition is shifted. As a result, the molars do not have enough space, and they begin to grow crooked, crowded, or shcherbinki are formed.
Do not think that the infection that struck the baby tooth can not get to the root - it also adversely affects the condition of the tooth, which has not yet “hatch”. Correct bite, which is formed by milk teeth, is a guarantee of health and normal functioning of the dental-maxillary children's system, consisting of permanent teeth.
As you can see - milk teeth, their eruption and loss, a very important process that deserves the attention of parents and professionals. It is important to teach the child to hygiene, monitor the condition of the oral cavity and, if necessary, seek medical help.It is necessary to know all the features, nuances and be able to help the child at the right time, or at least do no harm.