10. The phenomenon of the electronic voice
The phenomenon of an electronic voice is a mystical phenomenon, in which human voices are heard in recordings or noises. So, in 1959, Friedrich Yurgens recorded the voices of birds on tape. Nothing unusual happened during the recording, but when Jurgenson listened to the recordings, in addition to the voices of the birds, I found an external male voice recording in the tape in Norwegian. Yurgenson was sure that during the recording there were no people nearby, and so he decided that the tape recorder accidentally recorded the broadcast of one of the Norwegian radio stations. Having inquired, he found out that on the day he made the recording, not one of the Norwegian radio stations aired such programs.Then Yurgenson began to conduct experiments to study this phenomenon. Soon he even managed to allegedly establish contact with his deceased mother.
Interesting fact:The 2005 film “White Noise” describes this phenomenon, where the protagonist is trying to contact his recently deceased wife with a radio.
9. Experiments with the weight of the dead body
In 1907, Dr. Duncan McDougall, placed six people in a dying condition, on a specially made bed, which is a highly sensitive scale. Then he weighed them before and immediately after death. Each of the patients lost approximately 21.3 grams in weight. Prior to this, Duncan performed the same experiment with 15 dogs, in a similar condition, but it was not confirmed, since no change in weight was detected. The doctor has united all his research into the theory that a person has a soul, and a dog does not.
Interesting fact:McDougall’s complaints in his diary about the inability to find dogs dying from natural causes led to the suspicion that he poisoned them. And another thing: these experiences became the inspiration for the film “21 Grams” with Sean Penn.
8. Experiment "Helmet of God"
The helmet of God refers to a controversial experiment in neurotheology (the study of correlations of nervous phenomena) by Michael Persinger, during which a converted snowmobile helmet was placed on the subject's head. And the magnetic fields emitted by the device stimulated his brain. Persinger asserted that in such a state people saw bright lights, dead relatives and even God. The scientist Richard Dawkins, who is known for his atheistic views and criticism of religion, volunteered to check the apparatus. Later, he admitted to the BBC that he was very disappointed that he was unable to connect with the cosmos or to meet some kind of spiritual entity.
Interesting fact:Persinger assured that about 80% of the subjects felt like God, others felt, or saw dead people.
7. Phillip Phantom Experiment
Philip's experiment was conducted in the early 1970s by the Society for Psychical Research in Toronto. The purpose of the experiment was to find out if the artificially invented historical character could have appeared by the efforts of a concentrated group. The researchers called the ghost Philip, composed his personality, invented his appearance and character, even painted his portrait.These eight participants also memorized a fictional biography and studied the period in which Philip was supposed to live. Conversations yielded no results, until 1973, until Philip made contact. He manifested by knocking on the table. Over the ensuing months, the group communicated with him, using 1 punch as “yes” and 2 pounds as “no”, which allowed them to actually conduct an intellectual conversation with their ghost.
Interesting fact:The study came to a strange conclusion when one of the participants told Philip that he was simply invented. After that, all communications ceased.
Ghostbusters is a reality show that was released on TV3 channel in 2004. In a telecast, a team of researchers went to places where ghosts reportedly dwelt. To determine their location, the film crew experimented with Geiger counters, EMF (electromagnetic field) scanners, infrared and night vision cameras, portable digital video cameras, digital audio recorders and laptops. Ghostbusters claimed to have made some good records of ghostly entities that appeared in front of the cameras for a few seconds.
Interesting fact:Critics and skeptics of the program point to the lack of scientific methodology and critical expertise in investigations, as well as dubious production aspects, including editing.
5. The secret code of Harry Houdini
Experience in the magic and magic of Houdini allowed him to expose many so-called mediums who successfully fooled scientists and academics. Fearing that the spiritualists would exploit his image after death, he left a special secret code to his wife. Ten words were chosen at random from a novel written by Conan Doyle, which he will use to connect after death. On October 31, 1926, Houdini’s friend Reverend Arthur Ford claimed that he had been in contact with Houdini and his deceased mother in a seance. However, many believe that Ford and his wife Houdini (who was sick and self-medicated with alcohol) conspired to create the impression that Houdini’s spirit allegedly came into contact.
Interesting fact:Houdini's wife, Bess, for ten years, held a seance session on Halloween, but Houdini never got in touch.
4. "Experiments with the afterlife"
Gary Schwartz, a professor of psychology at the University of Arizona, wrote a book in 2002 entitled Experiments with the Afterlife. In his studies, he used mediums and people who had recently lost loved ones. The goal was to find out if there is life after death. The mediums immediately began with very specific facts about deceased people, so that skeptics would not call their work fraud, cold reading and successful guessing. The first results showed that mediums were right at 77–95%. The average efficiency ratio was 83%. To exclude successful assumptions, Schwartz created a second control group of 68 students from the University of Arizona. However, the efficiency ratio was only 36%.
Interesting fact:When such a huge difference in the average, crushed mediums, Schwartz said that the statistical probability of guessing the data is 1 to 10 million.
3. Experiment by William Crookes
Sir William Crookes is an English chemist and physicist who studied at the Royal College of Chemistry in London. The interest in spiritualism in Crookes arose after the death of his brother in 1867, at the age of 21.In 1870, Crooks decided to apply a scientific approach to spiritualism. The conditions that he established for mediums and mentalists were quite harsh: “The experiments should be conducted in my home, in the presence of invited witnesses by me and in full compliance with all my requirements; I reserve the right to also use any equipment. ” Crookes claimed that he witnessed the appearance of ghostly and tangible figures, the phenomenon of levitation, heard mysterious voices, measured the medium weight loss during ectoplasm ejection, recorded the appearance of writing on slate boards without the participation of those present. In 1874, William Crookes concluded that the phenomena could not be explained and that further research was needed.
Interesting fact:Most scientists considered spiritualism a fraud, and when Crooks performed a similar experiment, the question arose of his expulsion from the Royal Society.
2. Experiments on reincarnation
Australian Psychologist Peter Ramster created a documentary film in 1983, entitled “Reincarnation Experiments”. During the experiments, he found very convincing evidence of past lives. One of the heroines of the film remembered her previous life during the French Revolution.In a trance, she spoke in French without an accent, understood and answered questions, and also knew the names of the streets that had changed and could only be found on old maps.
1. Scholes experiment
In 1993, four extrasensory researchers and observers undertook a series of experiments in the Norfolk village of Skoule. For five years, they conducted more than 500 different experiences during which many wonderful phenomena were recorded on the film, among which bright lights and disembodied creatures are considered the most amazing.
Interesting fact:James Webster, a professional magician with 40 years of experience investigating supernatural phenomena, came to the following conclusion about the sculles experiment: “I was unable to detect any sign of fraud, and it seems to me that deception was impossible because of the type of phenomena observed and for the conditions in which they appeared. "