Installation of the sauna in the apartment
One of the fashion trends of modern life is a sauna in the apartment. For the first time it was borrowed from the Finns, among whom this device is very popular. Sauna is not only beneficial to health, but can bring real pleasure to lovers of bath procedures.
It is proved that her regular visit contributes to the training of the autonomic nervous system, well relieves stress and is an excellent prophylactic against many diseases. Therefore, today the sauna is becoming increasingly popular and many people dream of having it in their apartment.
The advantages of a home sauna
Sauna in the apartment photo has a number of indisputable advantages over any other similar device located outside the apartment.
These benefits include:
- possibility of use at any convenient time;
- no need to go anywhere or go;
- additional sewage and water supply system is not required;
- no risk of getting some diseases when visiting public places (cold, nail fungus, etc.).
Regularly visiting a home sauna, you can not only have a great time, but also strengthen the cardiovascular system, as well as relieve stress after a hard day's work. That is why many people today are so interested in how to make a sauna in an apartment.
Choosing a sauna
A number of specific technical characteristics allows you to install a sauna in almost every room. Especially great advantage is that in this device there is no need to eliminate high humidity and water. Due to high temperatures, any pouring of water is prohibited.
The remaining saunas can be divided into several basic types:
With electric heater.
A good option for a small family, characterized by ease of installation. Most often it is a factory assembly of shields and wooden frame. The total area does not exceed 1.2 m². Includes heat and vapor insulation. It needs to be connected to the sewage system and plumbing.
Requires a minimum of free space in the apartment. A huge plus is the lack of need to strengthen the wiring. It has a good effect when steaming various medicinal collections and herbs. It has an entrance located on the side and a bench where you can sit while taking the procedure. In this case, the head is outside and is not exposed to heat.
Have the appearance of a frame covered with a cloth. The principle of their action is very similar to the phytobox. They are characterized by ease of use, low weight, reasonable price. They take up little space and require only one outlet for connection.
They work on the basis of infrared radiation, which contributes to the deep warming of the skin. Differ in low electricity consumption.Infrared saunas for the apartment are safe for children and adults, including those with diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Another option is the Turkish sauna, which is considered to be exotic. In the apartment it is installed quite rarely, because it requires a large space, the installation of a steam generator, extracts and heated floors. It requires high-quality insulation and tile trim.
Often the sauna in the apartment is made entirely with the hands: from planning the dimensions and shapes to the installation of the finished structure. In this case, it can be equipped with additional accessories or equipment. And the exterior finish to match the surrounding interior.
In some cases, the installation of a slatted floor made of wood.After the installation of the main frame of the sauna should be placed inside the U- or L-shaped loungers and necessary accessories (headrests, stands, and so on). In the process of installation, it is important to consider all issues regarding thermal insulation and ventilation.
Polystyrene cannot be used as insulation, since it tends to melt at high temperatures. The ideal option would be mineral insulation, located between the laths lining. When shields are used for plating, and not boards, the need for insulation is eliminated. But aluminum foil vapor barrier will be needed.
You can place almost every sauna of the above listed in the bathroom, pantry and even on the balcony. The most important thing is to correctly calculate everything and approach the installation issue seriously.
It is necessary to take into account several important points.
It can be almost any room, but the ideal option would be a bathroom. All the necessary communications in it already exist, so there is no need to issue additional official permissions from a number of interested organizations.After all, for arranging the sauna next to one of the walls, in the pantry or on the balcony, it will be necessary to coordinate the redevelopment of the apartment, and this will require a lot of time and effort. And sometimes material costs.
This issue should be approached thoroughly, since the work of the sauna increases the load on the electrical wires several times. If this fact is not foreseen, everything can end up pretty sad. Therefore, all wiring must be heat-resistant and securely hidden under the casing. In most cases, a mini sauna in the apartment is already installed much later after repairs, and the load on the wires due to its work is not calculated (especially in houses with gas stoves). Therefore, before installing this device you will need to replace the wires in the room where the sauna will be located. Sometimes it is required to do this throughout the apartment. And it is best to trust professionals in this matter.
Any sauna stove must be factory-made and be electric. Even the best masters in their field will not be able to foresee all the features of the device when it is produced independently. And it is not recommended to make any changes, even the smallest, to factory furnaces.Ideally, an electric oven should have an automatic mode with a self-shutdown function after 8 hours of operation. And its power should correspond to the type of the selected room.
Since the sauna is always a complex of wood, high temperatures and electricity, the issue of fire safety should be resolved in advance. To do this, you need to invite specialists to install fire sensors or check existing ones.
For finishing it is worth using only hardwood, treated with a special impregnation, and the control panel should be placed in a dry room outside it. And it is necessary to provide for the free disconnection of the device from the electric “automatic machine” at the time when its work is not required.
Another important point is the manufacture of the door to the sauna. It should be glass to give the device the necessary space and beautiful appearance. And ideally have a special manufacture. It is worth acquiring it before the time comes to assemble the framework itself.
The process of installing a sauna in an apartment is quite simple, if you follow the algorithm below, step by step:
- build a frame: this will require a bar or wood, as well as a drill, screws and dowels for fastening them to the wall;
- install a heat-insulating layer in the frame (for example, glassine);
- attach the frame directly to the wall of the room or special spacers that should be placed between the ceiling and the floor;
- install the ceiling from boards with a minimum width of 60 cm and vertical posts around the opening for the door frame;
- in the ventilation to make a special frame around the exhaust and intake;
- conduct electrical wiring and install lighting;
- perform exterior finish with the installation of insulation.
Next, it is necessary to arrange folding or removable benches in the sauna with support on three walls. Their flooring should be assembled from boards, the width of which is not less than 80 cm. The installation of the stove is the latest stage. This should be done in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Do not forget about the installation of the thermometer, which plays an important role in monitoring the operation of this device.
In order not to make random mistakes during the installation of the sauna, it is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations:
- the area of the installation space should not be less than 24 m²;
- the process of splashing water can be possible only after installing the drencher or perforated pipe;
- connection to the water supply and sewage systems is possible only outside the sauna;
- installation in a residential area is prohibited.
The construction of saunas in an apartment often requires permits from the fire service, housing inspection, SES, and so on. And before the direct use it is necessary to test its inclusion in the work.
To do this, on the first day you need to warm up the device to 50-60 ° C with the door open and vent plugs. On the second day, for 4 hours, the same should be done, but with the plugs and the door closed. On the third day, the sauna should be heated to 90 ° C for 3 hours, and on the fourth day - to 100 ° C for 3 hours.
Today you can see the sauna not only in country houses or cottages. Many settle it in apartments. Thanks to some specifications, this is easy to do. Even with my own hands. It is only necessary to take the installation process seriously, and the home sauna in the apartment will please the hosts and guests for many years. It will bring great health benefits and take a lot of pleasant moments.