How to treat angina?
Description and course of heart disease
First, let's understand the basic concept. Coronary heart disease or CHD is a disease that develops with a lack of nutrition and oxygen of the heart muscle.
The flow of oxygen occurs through the coronary arteries, which got their name due to the special location around the heart.
There are two arteries in total. Therefore, it is not surprising that if there are any problems in the work of one of them, the heart condition immediately deteriorates.
The causes of such problems lie in the process of blockage of arteries and the formation of plaques on the walls of blood vessels.
The lumen for the blood flow is narrowed and the nutrition that the heart muscle needs is reduced. The presence of a prolonged lack of oxygen leads to the fact that the disease begins to actively progress.
Initially, problems in the heart muscle appear under heavy loads, when, for example, a person will run or walk a quick step, or with an additional load.
There are pains in the chest, which are called tension angina. Over time, similar symptoms will begin to manifest under heavy loads, and after a while - and during a period of complete rest.
In addition to the disease of stenocardia, heart failure often develops additionally (its chronic form), shortness of breath and swelling begin to appear.
What is dangerous ischemic heart disease? The appearance of plaques that form on the walls of blood vessels. They may burst.
This will lead to blockage of the arteries, the disappearance of the lumen. Soon, myocardial infarction occurs, the work of the heart stops, followed by sudden death.
The level of damage that the heart muscle receives is affected by exactly which artery is damaged. But it is enough to block the lumen by 75% so that the nutrition to the muscle ceases to flow.
This ailment is very serious, but because the slightest fear should be a signal to see a doctor for the purpose of checking.
The main symptom that indicates coronary heart disease is angina.
However, in addition to it, there are signs by which the disease is determined:
In the old days, it was called “angina pectoris,” “heart toad,” because it manifests itself not as pain, but as a feeling of constriction in the chest, in the esophagus. It is not surprising that it is often confused with heartburn, trying to alleviate the condition by means such as soda. Cardiologists determine coronary heart disease by the presence of angina and prescribe a treatment that prevents myocardial infarction.
Another sign that may indicate IHD. It can have a varied nature and different duration (from 3 to 15 minutes). At first, a symptom may not be very pronounced and appear only as a result of physical and emotional stress. But then the attacks become longer, and the pain becomes more intense. And here medications come to the rescue.
It also appears more often with time, not only after exertion, but also at rest. The smaller the supply of oxygen, the more often it will make itself felt.
Disturbances in the heartbeat.
This may be the acceleration of the rhythm, the appearance of interruptions or slowing down of the heart rhythm.
General deterioration of health.
Often, coronary artery disease is accompanied by general weakness, frequent dizziness and fainting, fatigue. Symptoms such as nausea and vomiting may occur.
If you have any of the symptoms described above, you should immediately consult a doctor for advice.
In this case, you will be prescribed a treatment that will ease the symptoms and prevent the development of serious consequences.
Doctors identify the following main causes of CHD:
This disease most often leads to the fact that the heart muscle lacks oxygen. It occurs due to the fact that fatty deposits are formed on the walls of blood vessels. This most often occurs when there is a large amount of cholesterol in the body. This substance accumulates on the walls of blood vessels and forms plaques. Gradually, they increase in size, clogging arteries. The narrowing of the lumen reduces blood flow and leads to oxygen starvation of the heart.
Why does the body accumulate cholesterol? Because the person is eating improperly. Despite the fact that this substance is necessary for our body, its consumption in large quantities is undesirable. Therefore, you should exclude products in which there are saturated fats.
In the absence of constant exercise, the heart is under additional stress. But excessive activity can lead to the development of CHD. Therefore, you should choose a load that matches your age and level of training.
Also at risk are people who have bad habits, suffer from overweight and diabetes. There is an opinion that a high social status reduces the risk of developing CHD.
How is heart ischemia treated?
To identify ischemic heart disease, doctors use a patient survey (described complaints and sensations), an ECG, blood tests, and other tools that allow you to make an accurate diagnosis.
After this, treatment is prescribed to help alleviate the symptoms and improve the condition of the patient. It can be carried out with the use of special drugs and manipulations that affect the work of the vessels and the heart.
The doctor selects drugs individually.This takes into account the effect they have on the body.
Some drugs help improve blood flow, while other drugs can reduce the rhythm of the heartbeat, which will reduce oxygen consumption.
Also used medications that have a negative effect on plaques. Such drugs can reduce the rate of formation and prevent their further occurrence on the walls of blood vessels.
To combat the phenomenon of angina, can be used drugs from the group of nitrates. In addition, other drugs are used, the action of which is directed against the formation of plaques.
Treatment may include prevention of blood clots, as well as the use of diuretics for removing excess fluid.
Increase the lumen of blood vessels to restore blood flow to the heart using special procedures.
The most popular among them are:
Coronary artery bypass surgery.
This procedure is done for many years, and it still remains in demand. Its essence is that a patient takes another vessel and connects it to the coronary artery. This creates a workaround that does not affect the affected area.The blood moves freely and reaches the heart muscle, nourishes it. There are several options for this operation. The final decision is made by the doctor based on the patient’s condition.
Another solution to the problem of vasoconstriction. This method is somewhat similar to balloon angioplasty, but has a more long-term effect. Its essence is that a stent is installed on the damaged area, which is pressed against the vessel walls and constantly maintains the required lumen diameter.
Transmyocardial laser myocardial revascularization.
This operation applies only in very severe cases. Here, with the help of a laser, small holes are formed on the myocardium, which contribute to the growth of new arteries.
Use of folk remedies for heart disease
To relieve the symptoms of coronary artery disease helps traditional medicine.
Using folk remedies, you can not only improve your health, but also prevent further development of heart disease.
Garlic oil for disease
To prepare it, you should take 1 head of garlic, 1 cup of unrefined sunflower oil and juice from 1 lemon.
Garlic should be cleaned, chopped and add oil. Leave this mixture for a day, periodically mix it.
Then you should add lemon juice, mix and place the dishes with the mixture in the refrigerator for 1 week.
There she will insist. Do not forget to mix it sometimes. When ready, you can take the tool for 1 tsp. three times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Treatment should be carried out for three months, and then take a break for 30 days and return to use again if you still have symptoms.
To normalize the work of the heart
For the heart to work like a clock, and you are not disturbed by the first symptoms, indicating any problems with the heart muscle, use the folk remedies that allow you to normalize the work of your main motor.
For example, prepare a mixture of sour cream (2 tsp.), Honey (1 tsp.) And two egg whites.
Beat the whites, add the sour cream and then the honey. Take 1 tsp. on an empty stomach in the morning.
Horseradish and honey for the heart
You can also use folk remedies that help alleviate the disease during periods of its aggravation. Most often this occurs in spring and autumn.
Take 1 tsp. grated horseradish and honey from lime blossom. It is necessary to prepare the mixture before use, that is, in the morning, 60 minutes before meals. Treatment is carried out for 1 month.
What should be done in the onset of illness?
If the first unpleasant sensations occurred during sports, during stress or extreme overstrain, then you should pause, stop and rest.
With angina and chest pain should take nitroglycerin under the tongue. He should instantly stop an attack and improve well-being.
In the case when angina does not pass within 20 minutes, you should call an ambulance. If you can’t do it yourself, ask someone who’s nearby.
If you are planning any kind of load, then it is advisable to take nitroglycerin in advance. So you can prevent the occurrence of angina and improve the work of the heart.
How should I eat when sick?
When telling how to treat heart ischemia, your doctor will probably focus on how important a diet is.
Effective treatment depends not only on medications, operations and prevention, which is carried out by folk remedies.
Coronary artery disease can be defeated only if a set of tools aimed at recovery is used.
Therefore, taking medication, do not forget to reconsider your diet. Your diet should be based on a balanced diet.
In this case, the disease requires to limit the consumption of products in which there is a large amount of animal fats, cholesterol and salt.
Proper diet should ensure the supply of sufficient amounts of vitamins, especially ascorbic acid.
Try to exclude from the diet dishes in which there are nitrogenous substances - meat and fish broths. The meat or fish itself is best boiled for illness and for prevention.
Be sure your diet should limit the amount of simple carbohydrates. This can be done by avoiding the consumption of sugar, honey, jam, butter and confectionery, sweets and other things.
At the same time, people with a coronary artery disease have been recommended a diet in which complex carbohydrates are present. It contains fiber, not sweet fruits and grains. They are good for the heart.
Treatment of CHD will go faster if your diet is rich in trace elements such as potassium, iodine, phosphorus, magnesium.
Eating seafood, fish, fruits, baked potatoes and eggs, you can provide yourself with enough of the necessary substances.
Your diet should include four or five meals a day. The last meal is better to make easy and at least 3 hours before bedtime.
It is better to boil or bake dishes, and limit salt intake to 10 g per day.
Prevention of coronary artery disease
Since the disease has high mortality rates, issues of prevention and treatment are considered at the highest international level.
To begin with, risk factors are taken into account, which are usually divided into fatal and avoidable.
The unrecoverable factors of heart disease are:
- age over 40 years;
- gender (men are more susceptible to the disease, and women less, but only before menopause);
- heredity (the presence of someone from relatives with similar problems, genetic mutations).
Treatable factors for heart disease include:
- bad habits (smoking, alcohol);
- periodic increase in blood pressure;
- high cholesterol levels;
- the presence of diabetes or high blood sugar;
- incorrect diet or lack thereof;
- overweight or obesity;
- low physical activity.
Prevention and effective treatment of coronary artery disease depends on how much a person is ready to eliminate the causes that can lead to the development of the disease.
First of all, you should give up bad habits. For example, it has been proven that after quitting smoking decreases the risk of mortality over the next two years.
Further, it is necessary to provide the body with daily physical exertion. Start with walking and a maximum of two workouts per week for endurance.
Then the load can be increased, but only after consulting a doctor.
And, of course, you need the right diet for the disease. You can develop it yourself or ask for help from a specialist.
The diet will not necessarily be tight, you may have to limit yourself a little to minimize the possibility of illness.
By eliminating the causes and risk factors for CHD, you will be able to normalize your life over time.Remember that today ischemic heart disease is not a sentence, but an occasion to take active steps to treat it.