Bagmati - the main river of the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu. It goes around almost the entire city, but its appearance is a canonical example of ecological disaster. Sergei Stroitelev followed the river through the city.
- Bagmati - the sacred river and the main water resource of Kathmandu. It originates near the settlement of Sundarad in a hilly area north of the city.
The river, which bends around the entire capital, clearly demonstrates the ecological catastrophe caused by the urban environment. Cremations in the Pashupatin area, a dump in Teuya, the central market in Balaju, and continuous religious holidays in Chobar for several decades have turned Bagmati into a garbage dump. The sacred river, which accepts the remains of cremations, also became a curse of the city.
Residents of slums and areas on the banks of the contaminated Bagmati are trying to make money by disposing of waste or collecting scrap metal from the bottom. People continue to live literally on garbage - to build houses, raise children. This is due to a very low level of income: a house in a landfill does not require paying taxes.The government for some time tried to demolish slums in Teku and relocate large families to normal housing, but the plans came to naught due to lack of money after the earthquake in 2015.
Settlement of about 800 people, where the river Bagmati originates. There is a nature reserve near Sundajridal where the water treatment plant is located - a popular place for walking and romantic dates among the local youth.
This settlement is really not quite typical of urban, marginal Nepal, polluted by waste. People come here to relax and play sports. Sundarigal is not located at the very source, therefore, residents can not pollute the river.
Sacred place. Unfortunately, here the river is exposed to the first serious pollution. The area is called the eponymous Hindu temple. This is one of the most important temples of Shiva in the world, where pilgrims from Nepal and India flock every day. People leave behind a mountain of garbage, partly falling into Bagmati. Sacred cremations take place daily in the temple, after which ashes, funeral flowers, candles, and cloth are sent to the river — although children are swimming and people living 100 meters downstream.
From this area begins the city outskirts.The lower down the river, the higher the population density — as does the level of water pollution.
One of the most problematic areas near the river, located within the city. The bridge, where local people sell consumer goods from morning to evening, a huge shopping center, a market, and a bus station are an absolutely chaotic area with no signs of control from the local administration. All the garbage is dumped into the river, which does not prevent residents from taking water from it. The norm is considered if in a family of six children of the 18th birthday three people reach.
The most problematic point on the river in the city. This is the place where one of the largest slums in Kathmandu and the dump where the waste is brought from the whole capital are located. The river receives most of the pollution here. People live on mountains of garbage with their children and animals.
According to the workers of the organization Water Aid, to clean this place, it takes several years and a lot of funding, which the authorities do not have.
The south-eastern outskirts of Kathmandu, where the population density falls, and therefore the pollution is moderate. This is an industrial area with large warehouses of wire and metal materials.Here you can see rare fishermen trying to get something from dead water, and their slums.
The zone is divided into two parts according to the levels of pollution.
The one that is in the city is a popular sacral place. Here are located two of the most important temples - Jal Binyak and Adinat Lokeshvor, where all significant religious holidays are held, and there are a lot of them in Nepal. People put homemade statues of gods into the water and leave a lot of garbage after the celebrations.
The second part is an idyllic nature reserve with untouched nature.
Settlement outside the city, located to the south-east of the capital. Pure water, fertile land - like Sundaridal, is a sample of pure Nepal, which can be seen in the mountains.