How much is the auto customs clearance

Olga Nagornyuk
22.06.2015

How much is the auto customs clearance

High prices for foreign cars in the domestic car dealerships and car dealerships make many people think about buying a car abroad. Agree, the opportunity to buy a 10-year-old Volkswagen Passat B5 with a 2.0 engine and a Tiptronic gearbox for $ 4,000 in Germany looks tempting, because in your own country you will have to pay three times more for such a car.

 

However, the mass importation of used cars from abroad is not yet observed. The reason lies in the prohibitively high customs duties. About that, in what the customs clearance of cars in Ukraine and Russia will result, we will tell in our article.

 

Customs clearance cars: the cost in Ukraine

 

Customs clearance, or legalization of a vehicle purchased abroad, entails significant expenses and requires compliance with certain bureaucratic procedures.

For customs clearance you will have to:

  • pay the necessary fees and charges (we will write about them below);
  • when leaving the country where the vehicle was purchased, fill out export documentation;
  • submit to Ukrainian customs accompanying documents for your vehicle, the list of which includes:

1) those. passport, registration certificate, those. coupon, service book and other documents for cars, provided for by the legislation of the country in which it was purchased;

 

2) an account in which the cost of the car is indicated; sales contract certified by a notary or at a consulate / embassy; waybill (if the vehicle is purchased from a legal entity);

 

3) the customs declaration (it records the type and volume of the engine);

 

4) passport, TIN and driver's license (when the car is driven out under its own power).

 

Please note: the vehicle must be deregistered in the country from which it is taken. Otherwise, they will not let him on the border.

 

Now more about how empty your car’s customs clearance pocket. The amount of customs duties depends on the age of the vehicle, its type, capacity, engine size. The following table will help you navigate:

 

Type of collection Cars Trucks Motorcycles

Electric cars

mob

Import duty

6% - for new cars with V engine over 3.0

10% - for all others

10% 8%
Excise tax Calculated based on the age of the car, fuel type, engine size
Special duty (entered 03/04/13 for a period of 3 years)

Paid only for cars that have a gasoline engine of 1 - 2.2 liters:

1-1.5 l - 2.15%;

1.5-2.2 l - 4.32%

0 (hybrids are also exempted from payment)
Recycling collection 0 UAH - canceled in 2014
VAT 20% of the amount resulting from the customs value of the car and all the above payments
Import duty (excise) 5%

 

All percentages, except VAT, are charged on the amount of the customs value of the vehicle, which is determined at the border by the customs inspector using special directories.

 

Due to the presence of several variables and the complexity of calculating the amount of payments, we recommend using the online calculators, which are located on the sites Avtobazar, Autocentre, etc.

 

We can only say that customs clearance increases the cost of the car by at least 50%. For example, a 1989 Porsche Turbo with a 2.4-liter gasoline engine, bought abroad for € 6,000, would cost € 14,000 for customs clearance, while importing a Volkswagen Passat CC with a 2.0-liter engine produced in 2010, purchased in Europe for € 9500, you have to pay as much as for the car itself.

 

At present, it is relatively profitable to import used cars, whose age does not exceed 5 years, and the engine capacity is 2 liters. In any case, customs clearance will cost less than the car itself.

 

We do not recommend to buy your first car abroad: not knowing the laws of the country, it is easy to get into a mess and be a victim of fraudsters.

When deciding to buy a vehicle abroad, consider the ecological class of the car. At the moment, the import of cars into the country is prohibited, the environmental characteristics of which do not reach Euro 4 standards. From January 1, 2016, you will not be able to import cars below Euro 5, and from the beginning of 2018, Euro 6.

 

How much is the customs clearance in Russia

 

In Russia, the procedure for customs clearance of a car bought abroad is somewhat different from the Ukrainian one. The main differences are in the presence of a security payment and a smaller amount, which costs customs clearance.

 

If you do not want to engage in customs clearance of cars on their own, entrust it to a customs broker. However, keep in mind that such services will increase the cost of a car by $ 2-3 thousand. In addition, you can stumble upon a black broker who delivers you a customs car with false documents.

We will consider the option of self-registration of the import machine.

 

Before you leave the cordon for the purpose of buying a vending car, you must transfer to the details issued by the customs service a security deposit - the so-called customs security, which will later be credited to the cost of customs clearance.

 

When crediting money to your account, you will be given a customs certificate and a receipt.

 

Be prepared for the fact that at customs you will be asked to provide:

  • copies of documents for the vehicle, issued by the selling party and stipulated by the legislation of the country in which the sale was made;
  • Issued at the time of making a deposit certificate and receipt;
  • insurance policy.

Having filled out the customs declaration (form TD-6), having paid the established fees and having received a vehicle passport after being checked by the inspector, you can go to the traffic police to register your “swallow”.

The cost of customs duties made when importing a car includes:

  • customs clearance;
  • excise tax;
  • customs duty;
  • recycling collection.

The final amount depends on several factors.

 

1. Age of car.According to this parameter, the legislator divided the cars into 4 categories, giving each of them its own cost factor: the older the car, the higher the rate. As a result, the most expensive is the importation of cars, whose life to the point of purchase has exceeded 7 years.

 

2. Volume / engine power. Each cubic centimeter of motor up to 3 liters increases the cost of a car by € 3. Owners of vehicles with an engine capacity exceeding 3 liters will have to lay out € 5.7 / 1 cu. cm.

 

Such an algorithm for calculating customs payments makes it unprofitable to buy cars with low mileage abroad. For example, for BMW X3 2009 with a volume of 2 liters, which in Germany can be purchased for about € 22,000, about € 3,800 will have to be paid at customs.

 

3. Category, car class. Customs fees for freight vehicles are calculated differently than for cars. Therefore, before traveling abroad, calculate using a special calculator (you can find it by clicking on the “Customs clearance” button on the tamoznya.com website), how much should be reserved for customs to give the go-ahead to import your car.

As a result, the table of customs duties for individuals look like this:

 

cars up to 3 years

 

Customs value (CU), rub. Customs duty
up to 325,000 54% of vehicle, but not <€ 2,5 / 1cub. cm
325000 — 650000 48% of vehicle, but not <€ 3,5 / 1cub. cm
650000 — 1625000 48% of vehicle, but not <€ 5,5 / 1cub. cm
1625000 — 3250000 48% of vehicle, but not <€ 7.5 / 1cub. cm
3250000 — 6500000 48% of vehicle, but not <€ 15 / 1cub. cm
from 6,500,000 48% of vehicle, but not <€ 20 / 1cub. cm

 

cars from 3 to 5 years

 

Engine capacity, l The size of the customs duty for 1 cubic cm
up to 1.0 1,5
1.0 — 1.5 1,7
1.5 — 1.8 2,5
1.8 — 2.3 2,7
2.3 — 3.0 3,0
from 3.0 3,6

 

cars from 5 years

 

Engine capacity, l The size of the customs duty for 1 cubic cm
up to 1.0 3,0
1.0 — 1.5 3,2
1.5 — 1.8 3,3
1.8 — 2.3 4,8
2.3 — 3.0 5,0
from 3.0 5,7

 

Customs duty and all other fees are paid within 15 days from the moment of import of the car. Payment is made in cash or cashless form in any branch of Sberbank of Russia on the basis of details issued at customs.

 

Customs clearance makes it unprofitable to import cars into Russia older than 5 years, but to buy abroad and legally transport a car no older than this age to the country will be cheaper than buying a similar one in the domestic market.

 

At the moment, the import of cars of ecological class Euro 5 and higher is allowed to Russia. Consider this when choosing a car, otherwise it simply will not be allowed into the country.

 

How to import cars without customs clearance?

 

Customs clearance leads to a significant increase in the cost of the car and makes motorists look for ways to circumvent the law. What do they do?

 

one.The car is delivered in a disassembled form (fees are reduced by several times) and collected on the territory of their country. However, such a car did not pass the procedure of legalization, and the first inspection of the state traffic inspectorate will definitely reveal it. You will have to pay a fine and return to the issue of registration of the import of cars for legal reasons.

 

2. Give a bribe at the customs. “Writing to the paw” will be much cheaper than paying all taxes and fees, but in the end you will find the same final as in the case of importing a vehicle for parts.

 

3. Delivery of the car under the guise of humanitarian assistance to a disabled person. Cars for privileged categories of citizens are not subject to duty. Therefore, enterprising dealers enlist the support of the local council and draw up a car for one of the disabled people who are registered there. Formally, the car is listed in the possession of the beneficiary, in fact, the grandfather does not suspect that he became the happy owner of the car.

4. False-auto destruction. The car is brought into the country with transit numbers and in the fire service for a certain bribe, a certificate is received that the car burned down as a result of a fire. Then a car of the same brand is bought, it is started up for spare parts, and its documents are transferred illegally imported.

 

five.A scheme based on the use of the Istanbul Convention, which allows duty-free temporary importation of goods into the country. One of the participants of the scheme is drawn up by an employee of a foreign company and “sent” on a business trip on an allegedly official car. According to the convention, foreign-registered cars that entered the country in this way can be located on its territory for an unlimited time.

 

We draw your attention to the fact that all these methods are at best “gray”, and it is in your best interest to formalize the import of the car by paying proper taxes and fees. Look for the golden mean: if buying abroad, taking into account customs clearance, is expensive, it may be worthwhile to find a suitable option in your country on the car confiscated market?


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  • How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

    How much is the auto customs clearance

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