History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

What does the name mean?

The term "kilt" is used:

  1. Scots in skirts with musical instrumentsTo traditional clothing in its historical form or in modern processing.
  2. Kilts are Irish trumpet orchestras. They are based on the Scottish version, but at the present time - monochrome.
  3. Men's skirt, adopted from other Celtic peoples - Welsh and Cornish-kilt.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the noun comes from the verb to kilt, which originally meant "wrap (skirt) around the body", which, apparently, is of Norse origin from the word kjalta, reduced by 2 letters.

Big kilt

Breacan Fhéilidh (belted blanket) or Feileadh (large), most likely, developed during the 16th century from a woolen blanket that was worn like a tunic.

With the increase in the availability of wool, the cloak grew to such size that it began to collect a belt. The belted blanket was originally a thick woolen fabric consisting of two canvases from 54 to 60 inches wide, and up to 7 yards (6.4 m) in length.The upper half was worn as a raincoat, draped over the left shoulder, or covered their shoulders and head to protect from weather conditions. Taking off, it could be used as a blanket.

The description of the year 1746 reads: a robe, of course, very loose, which suits a man to make very fast transitions, to go against bad weather, to make his way through rivers. For the battle, it was decided to take off the skirt in advance and set aside.

The exact age of the big kilt is still under discussion. Early drawings or illustrations appear before the 16th century, the first written source that certainly describes a belted blanket or a large kilt dated 1594.

The history of small kilt

According to the most popular version, the modern Scottish skirt was invented by the English Lancashire breeder Thomas Rawlinson after 1725. Wearing bulky big kilts, the Scots were at risk in the steel industry. Rawlinson separated the lower part of the rug and got a skirt for men. The invention was liked by his colleague, Ian MacDonnell, and after that it spread to the highlanders and other inhabitants of the northern lowlands as soon as possible.

Men in plaid skirtsHowever, judging by some emblems, the pleated skirt has been worn since 1692. These clothes showed the degree of wealth of the owner. Ordinary people chose monochrome or simple plaid fabrics, and the rich could afford colored squares.

After the defeat of the Scots in the Battle of Culloden, kilts and plaids were banned as an element of Scottish identity in the Disarmament Act, and from 1746 until 1782 they were not used. This men's skirt received a new life when the British King George IV visited Scotland in 1822 and put on a skirt at an official reception. During this period, the Clan Tartan myth also appeared.

Drawing history

The oldest find of checkered fabric dates back to the III century BC. This is a piece of linen created with the wool of light and dark sheep. This coloring was later called the shepherd's blanket.

The colors of the cells and stripes depended on the terrain, or rather on the plants that grew on it. Therefore, the coloring helped to determine which region a person was from, as well as his clan.

The most common name for this fabric is tartan, but in Russia it is more often called “Scottish”. There is even a Scottish Registry of Tartans - in this catalog all existing versions of fabric are collected. Many tartans bear the name of the clan.There are neutral models that are common in certain regions (for example, Edinburgh tartan) or belong to specific organizations (such as the tartan of the Royal Scottish Dance Society or the Debian project).

Samples of different fabrics for the Scottish skirtIt used to be that the fabric was reserved for citizens of the respective clans. Indeed, in Scotland with disapproval are those who wear someone else's clan tartan. But there are no legal provisions prohibiting it. Scots who see themselves as members of a clan always wear only the right colors. But no one checks whether the buyer has the right to wear this particular look. And as a foreigner, you can choose any, if you wish to purchase a kilt or fabric for it.

What does a kilt look like?

A modern kilt for men of typical build uses about 6-8 yards of one width (about 26-30 inches), or about 3-4 yards of double width (about 54-60 inches) of fabric. Scottish skirt is usually made without a hem. The exact amount of fabric depends on several factors, including the number of folds and the size of a person.

For a large kilt, 8 yards of fabric will be used regardless of the size and number of folds.The depth of the fold will be adjusted according to the size. For a very big waist, you may need 9 yards of tartan.

If the kilt is stitched correctly, after fastening it should not sit so loosely that the wearer can easily twist it around his body, but not so tightly that the tartan is crushed. The length of the plaid skirt should be about an inch above the knee.

Accessories

The Scottish kilt is usually worn with high wool socks to the knee, often with garters, and a leather bag with fur, which hangs on a strap or chain wrapped around the waist. It can be plain or embossed leather, decorated with fur or metal plating.

A man in a plaid red-green skirt and white golfOther common accessories, depending on the formal context:

  • a belt (usually with a raised buckle);
  • jacket (various traditional silhouettes);
  • pin;
  • sgian dubh (from Gaelic - "black knife": a small knife in the sheath, which is worn at the top of the belt);
  • shoes (gilli);
  • sometimes a kilt is worn with a shirt, although it is a relatively modern invention, and should not be confused with real historical clothing.

Wearing a kilt with or without underwear is a matter of personal taste.Because of the thickness of the fabric and the folds, the cold is not terrible for men, but for practical and hygienic reasons, underwear is still recommended.

Kilt today

Nowadays, most people consider Scottish kilts as an evening dress or national dress. Although there are people who wear a kilt during the day, but as a rule, skirts are bought or rented to be worn at weddings or other official events, regardless of their nationality or origin.

Parade in ScotlandScottish skirts are also used for parades, orchestras. Some regiments / units of the British army and armies of other Commonwealth countries (including Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa) with a Scottish past or heritage still wear kilts as part of clothes or military uniforms, although they have been used in combat since 1940 of the year. Ritual kilts have also been developed for the United States Marine Corps.

Kilt is associated with a sense of national pride in Scots and can often be seen when fans watch a football or rugby match. The black knife is sometimes replaced with a wooden or plastic alternative or omitted altogether for safety reasons.

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  • History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage

    History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage History and description of kilt-skirts in a cage