Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives?

Main symptoms

Sometimes you hear that the signs of a heart attack in the fair sex do not at all coincide with those observed in men, but this statement is fundamentally wrong.

The body of women has a number of features that make it easier to endure pain and allows you to perform quite complex actions, including the performance of hard work.

Myocardial infarction manifests itself quite strong pain sensations that occur on the left side of the body behind the ribs.

The woman has pain on the left sideIn women over the age of 50 years, the pain can also spread to the entire left side of the body, dropping to the stomach and upper thigh. The pain begins abruptly, and subsides after about five minutes, and after half an hour, the symptoms of a heart attack reappear.

If you do not take action, the sensations can go to the left hand in the elbow area or even on the neck and lower jaw, becoming like inflammation of the gums.First aid in the form of taking nitroglycerin allows you not to get negative consequences.

Fatigue

In addition, signs of a heart attack in a woman appear in the form of extreme fatigue, occurring about a couple of days before the attack itself. Complete depression can not be compared with anything - it is expressed in such a strong apathy that even getting out of bed can become an overwhelming task that requires outside help.

Woman is tired and holding her headIn women over the age of 50 years who lead a sedentary lifestyle, these symptoms do not appear so acutely, since the body is in unnatural conditions for it before the attack. Also, many simply confuse tiredness during myocardial infarction with age-related changes. It should be remembered that the latter do not occur for a couple of days out of the blue.

Edemas

A dangerous signal is swelling, which can manifest itself in the following places:

  • palms, forearms;
  • feet and lower thighs;
  • cheek surface immediately under the eyes;
  • back of the neck.

Such signs mean that the blood flow is disrupted in the body, and the timely removal of fluid from its individual sections does not occur.In addition, during a myocardial infarction, lymph nodes may swell, since the immune system will try to cope with the impossible task of restoring normal health.

After 50 years, special care should be taken, as swelling can cause fluid to accumulate in the lungs during sleep.

What else to pay attention to?

Problems with the digestive tract

Some signs of a heart attack in a woman may not manifest themselves systematically, that is, be characteristic of individuals who have certain features. In particular, in diseases of the heart, the weak sex often develops digestive disorders, accompanied by very severe pain in the stomach.

In women, the diaphragm and many organs of the digestive system are higher than in men, therefore, during myocardial infarction, pain in the heart can go to the stomach and cause nerve spasms of the latter.

For the same reason, nausea often occurs, which is especially aggravated at rest.

Respiratory failure

Woman has shortness of breathSigns of any heart failure contain shortness of breath - a lack of oxygen leads to the fact that breathing is greatly increased, and the need for additional air is felt even after light loads.Symptoms of lack of oxygen in the brain appear during a heart attack:

  • dizziness;
  • stiffness of movement;
  • violation of coordination.

In women after 50 years, blood circulation is already impaired, so symptoms can be like a stroke - speech becomes confused, conscious activity stops, hallucinations and delusions can occur. In this state, it is very important to provide first aid as quickly as possible to prevent the occurrence of irreversible effects.

Great anxiety

Excited womanOften, signs of a heart attack in women also contain a sharp onset of the fear of death, a sense of impending trouble, and panic. This occurs during the first disruption of the heart, so this symptom is used for the early diagnosis of myocardial infarction.

At night, there are sudden awakenings, during which the body is covered with cold and sticky sweat. In people over the age of 50, a heart attack also leads to sleep disturbances uncharacteristic for them - strong snoring and apnea.

How to help a person?

Statistics show that about half of deaths in the event of a myocardial infarction occur due to the fact that nearby people do not know what to do in heart diseases:

  1. An elderly woman became illFirst of all, it is necessary to place the patient on a flat surface and to ensure the lifting of the upper half of the body. If the attack caught a woman at home, it is best to use a pillow - and on the street it is enough to use any clean area, putting a handbag under your head.
  2. With a heart attack, it is necessary to provide all the conditions for the flow of oxygen to the body - unbutton the collar, if the dress has a corset - untie it. At any age, you cannot raise a woman on your own or ask her to sit down, since the heart will not be able to push the blood accumulating in it - in people over 50, such an action can lead to an instantaneous stop of this organ and the onset of death.
  3. Different pillsSince signs of a heart attack in women do not exclude pain, it is necessary to give the injured pillanalginor any other anesthetic that does not have a significant effect on the bloodstream. In addition, be sure to use one pill.aspirinandnitroglycerinwhich will allow to wait for the arrival of an ambulance without complications of myocardial infarction.
  4. If the symptoms do not subside and the medical assistance did not come in time, another pill must be given in half an hour.nitroglycerin. In women, attacks are often accompanied by panic, causing them to get up and run without looking back - with these symptoms, it is necessary to provide complete rest to the sick person and give him a sedative.
The most dangerous manifestation of myocardial infarction is a complete cardiac arrest - and the effectiveness of assistance will depend on how quickly it will be provided.

It is necessary to immediately begin to do an indirect heart massage, which with a considerable degree of probability will allow you to restart it.

But in women over 50 years old with overweight, the effectiveness of using this technique can be very small. It is necessary in the first 10 seconds after stopping the heart to put a short and strong punch to the left side of the chest.

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  • Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

    Heart attack: what to do before the ambulance arrives

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