Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

Possible symptoms

This virus belongs to herpes viruses. He is a close relative of other habitual herpes: that which causes sores on the lips or is transmitted through sexual intercourse. Manifestations of the disease caused by cytomegalovirus depend on the condition of the human immune system.

People with normal and properly working protection of the body may simply not notice that this virus is active. In this special harm to the body is not caused. In such a situation, a person becomes dangerous only to others, being a source of infection for them.

This course of the disease is observed in almost 90% of the world's population. But in some cases, the presence of a virus can manifest symptoms that strongly resemble ARD. When they manifest in children or pregnant women, such a malaise can be mistaken for an ordinary cold, the treatment of which will be appropriate.However, the effect of it will be less than with an ordinary OCR.

High temperature on the thermometerWhat are these symptoms of cytomegalovirus infection? These include the following manifestations:

  • high temperature;
  • the presence of chills;
  • general malaise;
  • severe fatigue;
  • presence of headaches.

Such symptoms can be observed in healthy people with a good immune system. However, if we are talking about a person whose protection in the body has slack due to various reasons (medication, chemotherapy, diseases of the immune system), then the virus may manifest itself with more serious symptoms.

Everything can begin with fairly simple phenomena:

  • The woman has a coldrunny nose;
  • heat;
  • chilliness;
  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck;
  • pain in the head;
  • enlarged liver and spleen;
  • muscle pain present;
  • skin rash;
  • the presence of inflammation in the joints.

And if in the case of ARI, such manifestations can last for 1-2 weeks, then the cytomegalovirus prolongs the symptoms to 4-6 weeks. Such a clinical picture is characteristic of the disease in acute form.

If there are problems in the immune system, this virus can cause pneumonia,bronchitis, pleurisy, damage to the eyes and lungs, cause inflammation in the adrenal glands, provoke the development of diseases of the digestive tract.

In women and men, it can lead to inflammation in the genitourinary system, and in children (especially newborns) it can cause a delay in development.

Causes of

There are many ways of infection with cytomegalovirus. So, this virus is transmitted through common household items, by airborne droplets or through close contact. You can become its carrier by making a blood transfusion, or pick up during pregnancy, childbirth. This pathogen may be present in the blood, saliva, and various secretions from the urinary organs (sperm, lubricant), and breast milk.

And if you are infected with a virus, it will not manifest itself immediately. Indeed, for this disease, the incubation period lasts from 20 to 60 days. During this period, you may feel completely normal, but at one moment your state of health may change.

A sharp outbreak and the manifestation of one or more symptoms can provoke hypothermia or a stressful situation.

Pregnant girl feels hotOf particular danger is the infection of the mother from the fetus through the layers of the placenta. Then there is the possibility of miscarriage or the birth of a child with severe developmental disabilities. Therefore, this virus is especially dangerous for women during pregnancy. At the first suspicions, it is necessary to seek medical help so that a specialist can select and prescribe an effective and safe treatment.

Diagnostics

Most often, to detect a virus, various liquids are examined or the secretions from the body for its presence. But in the situation with cytamegalovirus everything is different. The presence of infection is determined by whether or not there are antibodies to it in the body. To do this, take blood for a special analysis. But it does not allow to get an accurate picture of the course of the disease, what is its form (acute or latent). If there is a positive result, the doctor may prescribe other studies that more fully describe the existing situation.

Blood test for cytomegalovirusFor example, it may be a DNA test, since the virus has its own DNA. Such diagnostics gives high accuracy, and the duration of the study is only 1-2 days.You may also be offered to pass the crop for this virus. And although this study also gives accurate results, you can get them not earlier than in a week.

Diagnostics is relevant for people who often suffer from colds, and for women planning pregnancy.

Treatment

Unfortunately, so far there is not a single method that would allow to get rid of such a virus in a person for good. All that modern medicine can do is minimize the onset of symptoms and translate the acute form into a latent one.

This is due to the fact that cytomegalovirus is one of those that can be constantly present in the human body, without causing any discomfort (this is a latent form). But with a weakening of the immune system, with hypothermia, or taking certain medications can occur.

Virus moleculeWhen a patient's immune system works well and no signs of cytomegalovirus are observed, treatment is not required. In this case, the disease proceeds without symptoms, and the person simply becomes a carrier of the virus. It is a possible source of infection.

If, in the case of examination of a patient, this virus is detected, then treatment is prescribed, which serves as support for immunity. The main focus is fortifying, immunomodulatory therapy, which is accompanied by the additional appointment of vitamins.

The doctor talks with the patientIn order to strengthen the immune system, you can use a variety of drugs immunomodulatory effects. However, since such treatment can last for several weeks, it should be prescribed by a specialist. This scheme is used only for the passive form, when the virus is present in the body, but is not actively manifested.

It is also important for the patient to maintain a healthy lifestyle, balance his diet, and ensure an adequate supply of fresh air and vitamins. To maintain the body's defenses, you can use folk remedies. In addition to medicinal herbs and fees, you can use methods such as hardening, pouring, sauna or bath. In winter, you can increase the consumption of viburnum, wild rose, brew tea with calendula, hunter or melissa. In addition to the tonic effect, they have useful properties for pregnant women, especially when threatened with miscarriage.

With the active form, the doctor along with immunomodulators may prescribe antiviral drugs. Of course, they do not completely remove the virus, but they will minimize the possibility of complications. And this is relevant for future moms and small children.

Danger during pregnancy

For all its harmlessness, cytomegalovirus infection is very dangerous for women "in position." After all, as a result of infection during the period of gestation, the mother passes it through the placenta to the fetus, which can lead to serious and sometimes terrible consequences.

Pink bow on the belly of a pregnant womanBut such complications appear only when the woman before the pregnancy was not infected, and when the embryo was born, the virus was picked up from the carrier, in which it just passed into an acute form. The absence of antibodies and the time for their production enable the virus to penetrate the fetus and cause irreparable harm to it. But if a woman was already ill with them before becoming pregnant, then the existing antibodies will reduce the activity of the virus and not allow it to fully manifest itself. That is why the delivery of tests for antibodies is desirable to carry out before the process of conception occurs.In the absence of antibodies, you will be warned of the danger and will be able to more closely monitor your own condition.

The risk of infection for the fetus is that it can lead to abortion or cause premature birth. But even if this did not happen, then there will be a danger of developing pathologies that will affect the brain, organs of vision, and internal organs. Each of them can adversely affect the fetus.

But when the mother is resistant to cytomegalovirus, and there are already antibodies in her body, then the placenta becomes impermeable to the virus. He will not be able to pass through it to the fetus. And even if this happens, the maternal antibodies that will form the resistance of the developing organism to a specific virus will also get to the baby.

Mom hugs her babyWhen infection occurs in the early stages, then the presence of the virus can lead to complications in the development of the fetus (the appearance of pathologies, the death of the embryo). But if the infection occurs in the last trimester, a child with congenital cytomegaly will be born. Then the newborn can have pathologies in the internal organs (enlarged spleen, liver), suffer from jaundice or anemia.In such children, lesions of the organs of sight and hearing, as well as a disturbed nervous system, are common.

To determine the presence of cytomegalovirus in a pregnant woman, the doctor asks her to take blood, urine and smears for analysis. The presence of class ā€œGā€ antibodies indicates that the virus is in the body, but the disease is in a passive form. But the presence of antibodies of class "M" indicates that the patient has an acute form. Then the pregnant woman is prescribed a treatment that will support the work of the immune system. As a preventive measure for pregnant women, it is necessary to exclude contact with those who have this virus in an active form.

Small children and cytomegalovirus

If the fetus was infected during pregnancy from the mother, then it has a congenital form of the disease. It is manifested by various symptoms. First of all, there is the presence of skin rash, the internal organs of the baby are enlarged, and the hemoglobin indices are reduced.

Also, a blood test indicates a change in its biochemical composition. With severe manifestations, there may be disturbances in the work of the auditory and visual organs, changes in the work of the nervous system.External manifestation also indicates the presence of hemorrhages under the skin or in the mucous membranes. The umbilical wound will bleed, and the analysis of feces will reveal blood in it. In severe form, shaking hands, the presence of cramps, increased drowsiness. In the future, this often leads to deprivation of vision or hearing, as well as to developmental delays.

The doctor takes a blood test from a childThe exact picture of the disease will help reveal the analysis. It should be understood that the presence of antibodies of class ā€œGā€ is not a sentence yet. After all, such antibodies transmitted by the mother disappear within three months. But the presence of antibodies of class "M" indicates the presence of the acute form.

Cytomegalovirus children can become infected later. In this case, the disease is manifested signs of ordinary acute respiratory infections. With a weakened immune system, its presence can lead to such complications as pneumonia or disorders in the digestive organs.

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  • Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

    Features of cytomegalovirus in children and adults

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