Cordilin growing tips at home

Cordilin growing tips at home

Plant description

The cordilin genus belongs to the Laxmannia family. But in some classifications such a plant is attributed to the Agave or Astelium family. The dracaena, with which some inexperienced growers of the Cordilina are confused, refers to asparagus. Therefore, caring for plants is different. Among the varieties of such flora, there are about 20 varieties that are grown at home. In the wild, representatives of the Cordilin live in subtropical and tropical climatic conditions. They are very common in Australia, South America, Africa, Asia, New Zealand.

Blooming CordilinaAmong the different varieties can be found shrubs and dwarf shrubs. In general, plants have a well-developed, thickened root system. Leaves, most often, xiphoid or lanceolate. Leaf color may be green, reddish. Usually on the foliage there are red, cream, pink stripes or spots. Under natural conditions, various types of cordilin can bloom.Usually flowers are gathered in panicles-inflorescences and have white color. Flowering does not have much decorative significance.

Many will be interested to know that the name of the plant comes from the Greek word "kordylle", which translates as "bump", "knot". This name originated from the root system, which has a bloated look. At home, trees grow very slowly and live for many years. In this case, care for them is very simple.

Cordilina does not have a specific smell, does not cause allergic reactions. It harmoniously looks in large rooms due to its large size.
  1. Types of Cordilin

Not all varieties of Cordilin can be kept at home. The most popular plants of the genus Cordilina are as follows:

  • South;
  • Apical;
  • Straight;
  • Undivided.

One type isCordilina southof which the fiber is made. It resembles a palm tree. In its natural environment, such a tree grows to 15 meters in height. The width of the leaves can be 3 - 7 centimeters with a length of up to 85 - 90 centimeters. The foliage color of the plant is green. A characteristic feature are the red and yellow longitudinal stripes.Southern Cordilina is widespread as an ornamental plant that is grown in houses and apartments. Most people like to plant such a plant residents of the United States and Europe. But you can find such a tree in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus. At home, if ensure proper care, it can reach 1.5 - 3 meters in height. Flowering is extremely rare.

Cordilina apicalThe second popular variety iscordilina apical. Sometimes it is called shrub. This species has green leaves. In this case, they may be yellow stains and pink edging. This flower looks incredibly beautiful on the window sill, desk, chest of drawers. Mature plants reach large sizes and have a well-developed trunk. Such flora is common in the wild in Asian countries - India, Malaysia, as well as on the Australian continent.

Cordilina undividedwas imported from New Zealand. It has long green leaves that can reach one and a half meters in length. All owners of this variety should consider that the plant loves low temperatures. In the southern regions with a warm short winter Cordilina undivided is grown on the street.Caring for it does not differ from other varieties of this decorative leafy flora.

Cordilina straightIt is a tree with a well-developed stem, since it is gradually exposed as a result of the renewal of the foliage. The plant lives in the wild in a subtropical climate. It is very common in Australia. The leaves of such a flora have jagged edges. At the same time at home, they reach a length of 60 centimeters. In summer, a pot with straight cordina can be placed outdoors, for example in the shade of a garden.

Daily care

Caring for Cordilina involves compliance with the optimal mode of illumination. It is best to place a pot with a plant in the eastern or western part of the home, where moderately bright light prevails. Such decorative leafy flora does not tolerate direct sunlight. In winter, when there is not enough light, we recommend installing a pot with a plant next to a window in the lightest room in the house. Lack of sun is detrimental to the Cordilina. It is worth noting that artificial light can be used to ensure optimum illumination.

Cordilina in a pot on the windowsillProper care includes compliance with the optimum temperature. Cordilina does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature, draft, wind. It is desirable that the thermometer in the summer season shows a value of 20 - 22 degrees, and in the winter - 16 - 18 degrees. In no case should not be allowed to temperature in the room where the plant grows, fell below 12 degrees. Otherwise, the cordilina may die.

Such a home flora loves moderate watering - this must be remembered when caring. In the cold season, watering is reduced to once a week, and in the warm season, by 2 to 3 times. We recommend using purified or water that has settled for several days, as it will contain a reduced amount of bleach and other harmful substances.

In no case should not allow the accumulation of excess moisture in the pot, because it can lead to decay of the root system.

From mid-spring to the end of summer, all representatives need feeding. It is best to use liquid mineral complexes that are diluted with water for irrigation.

Cordilina likes high humidity.With dry air, the plant begins to languish. To ensure a favorable microclimate, we recommend periodically spraying such flora with purified water from a spray bottle. In no case should not place the pot near the heating devices, which are very dry the air. You can put the pot on the pebbles with water to increase the humidity, thereby creating a comfortable environment.

Improper care leads to disease.All owners of cordilina should remember that the darkening of the foliage occurs due to low humidity or cold air in the room. Leaf curling is also a result of low temperature.Spots on the plant can be caused by burns, which lead to direct sunlight. Yellow leaves - a signal that the tree lacks nutrients. This means that the plant needs feeding or transplanting.

Transfer

The transplant needs to be done every season. It is advisable to perform this procedure in April, when the active growth phase begins. Instead of transplanting, you can change the top layer of the earth. We can not allow to see the roots of the plant.It should be borne in mind that Cordilina loves a substrate consisting of turf, sheet soil, sand. We advise you to buy ready-made mixes for transplanting in specialized flower shops.

Cordilin Cut OffBreeding can be done in many different ways. Cutting the top of an adult plant is popular. At the same time it is necessary to use the soil heated to 22 degrees. You can use stem cuttings that do not have foliage, or seeds. The breeding process is quite time-consuming. For this reason, we recommend purchasing young plants in flower shops.

Cordilina is a rather interesting ornamental-deciduous plant, which has many varieties. Caring for such a flora is simple. It is very important to provide the plant with the correct temperature and humidity. It is necessary to take into account that in the natural environment cordilina lives in a tropical and subtropical climate.

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  • Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home

    Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home Cordilin growing tips at home