As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

After the end of the First World War, the Italian poet Gabriele d’Annunzio led two and a half thousand national anarchists. All this glorious brethren occupied the former possession of the Habsburgs on the Adriatic - the city of Rijeka. After the expulsion of the British and French there was established a psychedelic political regime "of the Republic of Fiume" (the Italian word "Fiume" means the same as the Croatian «Rijeka» - a river, a short but full-flowing river Fiumara runs in the city area). The Republic began as a crazy hybrid of the nascent Italian fascism with a torchlight procession and bombastic speeches, as well as anarchism and libertarianism with free love and absolute rights of the person. Elements of socialism such as benefits for poverty, free education and the principle of “work without fatigue” were introduced.

The marches of supporters of the Republic of Fiume often took place in the nude, with the distribution to the people of fried meat, wine and cocaine.The progressive constitution of the republic, written in verse by D’Annunzio, combined elements of anarchism, national syndicalism and democracy. Day and night, the children of revelry combined with a turbulent political life: d’Annunzio at the same time sincerely longed for absolute non-violent democracy, but that everyone voted strictly for his ideas.
Republic of air pirates. As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months
Gabriele d’Annunzio gives a speech in front of his squad after taking Fiume, September 1919 (photo: Roger-Viollet)

All this Woodstock with speeches and torches demanded a lot of money. Which, of course, quickly ended. Where do anarchists take money when they run out? That's right, they are taken from the rich and distributed to themselves and the poor. But here, d’Annunzio acted poetically. He called on dozens of pilots, led by the heroic Count di Villaviera. On seaplanes - yes, just like in Porco Rosso - groups of Fiume air pirates began to fly over the Adriatic, intercept merchant ships with food and nishtyaks and raid the coastal estates of aristocracy and the bourgeoisie with the aim of politely expropriating material values. It was happening almost without murder and with old-fashioned courtesy.

But the food was still not enough.Reached stories that are able to film except perhaps Kusturica. State Secretary Fiume, a brave pilot and avant-garde philosopher Guido Keller, somehow wanted meat. For which he flew to one of the surrounding villages, where he stole a pig. But the pig turned out to be large and during the landing it broke the bottom of the pepelaca, acting as a landing gear. In order to realize the enchantment of the mise-en-scene, let us add that Keller flew in a tailcoat with a fez on his head and a favorite tea set at hand.
Republic of air pirates. As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

Gabriele d'Annunzio (left) and Captain Pally

At the end of 1920, Italian troops came to Fiume and aggressively, under artillery bombardment, asked the company D’Annunzio to leave the strategically important city. Rijeka became part of Italy, and after World War II it became a Croatian city. Well, from the Republic of Fiume left her psychedelic story and the romantic image of desperate air pirates.

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  • As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months

    As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months As in the last century, the city-state of Fiume was born and died for six months