7 safe ways to home teeth whitening
Even if you are not a Hollywood movie star, having a white-toothed smile is so nice! True, over the whiteness of the teeth will have to work. See your dentist or do your own whitening? Which methods are more effective, are such procedures dangerous, are there any contraindications — you will find the answers in this article.
When whitening is required
Snow-white teeth are not. Their normal color has different shades - yellowish-white, yellow, gray-white, bluish, and depends on the natural color of dentin (hard tooth tissue), transparency and shine of tooth enamel.
Hereditary color changes throughout life. Coffee, strong tea and cigarettes form a persistent brown patina. The reason for the darkening and stains can be juices, red wines, jams, forfeits like drinks, taking antibiotics, drinking water with a high content of fluoride.
You need to know one important thing - before you whiten your teeth, you will need to restore order in the mouth.
Namely: there should be no holes, inflammation of the gums, caries, plaque, tartar. So, we first solve the dental problems: we undergo a complete reorganization and professional cleaning, and then we introduce beauty.
Who can not whiten teeth
Not everyone can afford to whiten their teeth. There are a number of contraindications to this procedure.
You can not hold it to people with sensitive teeth, suffering from periodontal disease, those who wear braces, pregnant and lactating mothers, as well as under 18 years of age (not yet fully formed dental tissue).
It makes no sense to whiten having the fillings and crowns on the front teeth - they will not become lighter and will have to be changed.
Another contraindication to bleaching:
- allergy to hydrogen peroxide and other bleaching products;
- diseases of the mucous membrane, gums;
- enamel cracks, exposure of the roots of teeth;
- carious lesions;
- tooth sensitivity;
- oncological diseases;
- neuropsychiatric disorders.
Types of teeth whitening
In general, there are two options for giving the teeth the desired shade: do it yourself or trust the professionals, go to a dental clinic or a private clinic.
Dentists are skeptical about self-whitening - careless actions can hurt yourself, and it’s not always possible to achieve the desired effect.
Best of all, if you decide to carry out the procedures yourself, visit the dentist, consult, choose the appropriate method, and reorganize the oral cavity if necessary.
You can recommend home whitening using cap - special forms of soft plastic, worn on the upper and lower dentitions.
You can purchase home whitening kits at pharmacies or order individual caps made from the patient's jaw mold. They do not interfere with speaking, they hold tight, without delivering much discomfort.
A whitening gel is placed in the mouthpiece, the device is worn for 40 minutes to an hour, then the teeth are cleaned with a whitening paste.
You can put on a mouth guard for the night, but there are some drawbacks to this procedure: it is not very comfortable to sleep with a foreign object in the mouth, gel washed with saliva can get into the digestive tract. The substance acts for no more than an hour, and it makes no sense to keep a mouthpiece in the mouth for 7–8 hours of sleep.
On average, a course of bleaching capa lasts two to three weeks, the first results should appear already in 5-6 days. The effect of whiteness persists throughout the year, but it happens that during this time a brief supporting course is required.
A stick is a small applicator that looks like a lipstick or a pen. Whitening gel is easy to apply even in the interdental spaces, then it is not necessary to wash it off. You can use outside the home, in any convenient place at a convenient time.
In this way, plaque is gently removed, and breath is refreshed. The very effect of bleaching is insignificant, by 1–2 tones (according to the so-called VITA scale).
As the main means of achieving the desired whiteness of the teeth is not considered, but as an auxiliary and supportive it works very well.
The effect is noticeable immediately, but the sticks will have to be applied periodically, as the teeth darken.
Bleaching pastes are of two types: with the addition of abrasives and based on chemicals.
The first ones are more affordable, but the principle of mechanical removal of plaque has a gross effect on tooth enamel, injures the gums, causes an increase in tooth sensitivity.
The pastes of the second type are whitened due to their chemical components, more gently and qualitatively. They are more expensive, but their use is preferable. Constantly apply whitening paste can not be. Optimally: once every 10–14 days.
You may not feel a significant effect if you use such a paste as the main method of bleaching. Recommended as a supportive agent after professional bleaching in the clinic.
Folk teeth whitening
Soda.Where do without this universal remedy? You can mix a little baking soda with toothpaste, just dip a wet brush in a white mass, dilute the powder in water to a state of a concentrated solution.
It is necessary to clean it carefully, there is a risk of damage to the tooth enamel, gum and mucous membrane may be injured. More often than once a week to use soda is undesirable.
Soda, being an abrasive, removes plaque from the surface of the tooth, but together with a thin layer of enamel. Teeth acquire the original color and seem much whiter.
Means from the category of “cheap and angry” - pluses: accessibility, quick result, accompanied by minuses: the risk of negative consequences, the development of hypersensitivity (if it is already present,that soda can not be used).
The effect of bleaching is visible immediately, but does not last long, days 7–10.
Hydrogen peroxide.The second most popular folk remedy. True, the principle of action is not abrasive, like that of soda, but chemical. The effectiveness of peroxide is confirmed by the fact that it contains many bleaching agents in dental clinics.
You can bleach in several ways:
- brush your teeth with ordinary toothpaste, thoroughly rinse your mouth with a 3% peroxide (not swallowing!), dip a cotton swab in it, rub your teeth, and again thoroughly rinse the mouth cavity with plain water;
- Dip a toothbrush into the peroxide solution, brush your teeth and hard-to-reach places. Rinse your mouth with warm water;
- You can enhance the effect of hydrogen peroxide with soda - mix a teaspoon of baking soda and 3% peroxide solution to form a pasty mass. To brush her teeth like a regular paste. The procedure should not exceed three minutes. After that, rinse your mouth well with clean water.
The disadvantage of this method: the principle of chemical exposure does not exclude damage to the enamel, irritation of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Not suitable for people with sensitive teeth and problem gums.
Plus in price availability and possibility of a choice of convenient time of procedures.
Compared to soda, it destroys enamel less, but you won't see instant effect. It will require application within a few weeks.
Delicious whitening (strawberries).These wonderful berries contain salicylic acid, which removes substances that stain enamel.
We apply this way: mash the berries in mashed potatoes and brush this teeth with this mass.
You can add some of these ingredients to a strawberry paste: a teaspoon of soda or salt, tooth powder or activated carbon.
After bleaching for 3-5 minutes, teeth should be cleaned with fluoride toothpaste.
Cons - the seasonality of the method, and just feel sorry for tasty and healthy berries used for other than intended purpose.
Pros: whitening ingredients are the most natural. Compared to professional procedures, it is cheap, convenient and easy to apply at home at any time. And yet - it does not hurt! Apply no more than once a week.
You will notice the effect after the second or third procedure.
Wood ash whitening
Very much an archaic method. But effective - potassium hydroxide is present in the ash, which perfectly cleans and whitens the teeth.
Clean with a toothbrush, dipping it into ashes or a mixture of toothpaste (powder) and ash.
You will brush too hard, and often apply this method - you can harm enamels and gums.
Activated carbon is used instead of ash: the tablets are crushed and cleaned like ordinary tooth powder. If, of course, it does not bother the blackening of the gums - it will be short.
The effect comes after 5–8 procedures.
Before you begin to whiten your teeth with folk remedies, it is a good idea to work on strengthening the enamel. Milk and dairy products should be permanent in your diet. Eat plenty of apples and raw carrots.
Tea tree oil is excellent - it combats harmful bacteria and odor, helps to prevent caries, gum inflammation. Three drops of oil in a glass of water and rinse your mouth with this solution regularly.
Professional whitening methods
Of course, to gain the desired whiteness of teeth in the clinic is safer. But it is also more expensive in terms of finance (there is also a risk of getting into an amateur doctor).
Air flow- This is not a method of bleaching, but such a hygienic cleaning that removes plaque and restores the natural whiteness of the teeth. Purification occurs mechanically under the pressure of compressed air, water and cleaning (mainly soda) powder.
Teeth can be lightened by 1-2 tones, you get a natural color.The procedure does not damage the enamel, is carried out quickly, the patient does not feel pain.
The effect lasts from one and a half to two years.
Whitening Zoom- Today this method is popular. It is also called photo-bleaching. A lightening gel is applied to the teeth, activated with the light of a special lamp. In a two-hour session, 3-4 applications of the gel, which consists of enamel-strengthening substances, are carried out.
Pros: the result can last from 5 to 10 years, sometimes longer (with proper oral care); the effect occurs immediately after the procedure, and the teeth are whitened dramatically: by 8–12 tones. Suitable for those who have dental problems (cracks, chips, bare roots).
Disadvantages: discomfort during the procedure is possible, after the procedure the teeth are especially sensitive, there may be irritation of the gums, the risk of gaining a too-white smile, high cost of the service.
Laser whitening —gel applied to the teeth is activated by a laser beam. Deeply affected tooth tissue. In order to protect the gums and mucous membrane, they are pre-insulated. This method allows you to adjust the time of the procedure, its intensity.Then the teeth are covered with a regenerating gel.
Pros: speed and efficiency (in an hour you can lighten your teeth by 6-9 tones), no pain, safety of the procedure, long-lasting effect - from 3 to 5 years.
Cons: tooth sensitivity, high cost of service.
How to care for your teeth after bleaching
Even the most benign procedures all the same weaken the dental tissue, in particular, they flush out fluorine, so after that, recovery measures will be needed. Applications with fluorine-containing substances will help.
Important: hygiene of the oral cavity, the use of dental floss (and toothpicks can not be!), Specialized pastes, brushes with soft bristles.
At the first time after bleaching, refrain from products that have a coloring effect: beets, chocolate, tea, coffee, red wine, ketchup, bright fruits - blueberries, blackberries, grapes, sour fruits - lime, lemon. Smoking is extremely undesirable.
White, and most importantly, healthy teeth - the decoration of any person. How to achieve the desired result depends on your choice. It is always safer to trust professionals. Homemade methods should be treated with great care.New teeth will not grow, take care of existing ones, maintain hygiene and delight those around you with a dazzling smile.