10 most amazing fountains in the world
Here are the ten most amazing fountains in the world.
The Moon Rainbow Fountain (Seoul) - the longest fountain on the bridge
Until 2008, the Banpo Seoul Bridge connecting the banks of the Han River was not much different from the others. But with the appearance of the unusual fountain “Moon Rainbow” on it, he immediately became one of the main city attractions and even managed to get into the Guinness Book of Records. The idea to turn the bridge into a fountain (Banpo did not lose his function of crossing from one side of the river to the other) came to the authorities of the South Korean capital not by accident. This was done as part of a large-scale project designed to revive the attractiveness of Seoul in the eyes of tourists. The jets of the fountain hit on both sides of the Banpo Bridge, throwing 190 tons of water in one minute. In addition, 10,000 LED lamps paint streams in all colors of the rainbow. The Lunnaya Road fountain is also distinguished by ecological “friendliness”: water is taken from the river, where it then returns to the already cleaned.
King Fahd Fountain (Jeddah) - The Highest
The fountain of King Fahd, or simply the fountain of Jeddah, is the name of the highest fountain in the world. The idea of its construction came to mind the city authorities in the early 1980s. The city needed the main attraction, and the choice fell on the fountain. His project turned out to be extremely laconic: a thicket was made as a base, made in the form of a traditional incense burner, from which a powerful stream of water was supposed to beat. In 1983, when the fountain was opened, the jet sank to a height of 120 m, but this was not enough for the authorities. The project was finalized, and two years later the fountain began to eject a water column to a height of 312 m. In addition to the dizzying height, the fountain is also interesting because it is located at sea, which is very difficult from an engineering point of view. The Fahd fountain runs continuously, and it is turned off only for two reasons: for a scheduled check or because of strong wind.
Fountain complex Dubai Fountain (Dubai) - the largest and most expensive
The tallest building in the world, a giant oceanarium, a huge duty free. Dubai authorities love to hit the imagination of tourists. In 2009, the city hosted the official opening of the largest and most expensive fountain in the world, or rather, the whole fountain complex located on an artificial lake.His project was developed by a Californian company with the speaking name WET, which had previously created the famous Bellagio fountain in Las Vegas. In total, a record $ 218 million was spent on the construction of the Dubai giant, the size of which is equal to the area of three football fields. After the opening of the Dubai Fountain, it added to the list of world dancing fountains. In his repertoire classical, Arabic and pop music, and to each of the melodies the fountain "performs" a different dance. At night, the light show can be seen at a distance of up to 30 km and, they say, it can even be watched from space.
The Corona Fountain (Chicago) - the most international
In 2004, an unusual art object was opened in Chicago's Millennium Park, combining an interactive fountain and video sculpture. The author of the project was the Catalan artist Jaume Plensa, according to the idea of which the fountain was made in the form of two 15-meter towers, covered with LCD screens, on which images of Chicago residents are projected. It was decided not to randomly show the faces of ordinary citizens, but to demonstrate the “diversity of the city”. To this end, 75 public and religious organizations presented their candidates, whose images were used in the work of the fountain.It is interesting that from time to time the lips on the face of one or another city dweller form a tube, and a portion of water is spat on the audience. At first, the Crown fountain was called the most controversial construction of the Millennium Park, but over time they got used to it, and even fell in love with it.
Fountains of Peterhof (St. Petersburg) - the most luxurious
The cascade of fountains in Peterhof is called one of the most luxurious and exquisite in the world. And despite the fact that it began to take shape almost three centuries ago. The idea of creating Peterhof fountains belonged to Peter I. The emperor, who had gained access to the sea, set out to build a fountain complex on the shores of the Gulf of Finland. Work on its construction lasted more than a hundred years, during which the Grand Cascade acquired 64 fountains, 255 sculptures and other numerous decorative elements. The greatest damage to the fountains of Peterhof was caused during the Second World War. The four largest sculptures of the complex, among which were the famous "Samson", "Tritons", "Volkhov" and "Neva", did not have time to evacuate, and they disappeared. But later they were restored from preserved photographs.The last large-scale restoration of the Grand Cascade, which lasted seven years, ended with a solemn launch of fountains in 1995.
Fountain of Wealth (Singapore) - Feng Shui Fountain
"Bagel on the legs" and "basketball ring." What kind of nicknames did not give the famous Singapore Fountain of Wealth, in 1998, listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest in the world, but later lost its title. In fact, the design of the building is symbolic. The four pillars of the fountain correspond to the four peoples and four main religions of Singapore, and the ring, equal in size to the dome of St. Isaac's Cathedral, is the embodiment of the Indian sacred symbol Mandala and provides unity and peace. Bronze was chosen as the material, as according to Chinese belief, its combination with water paves the way for success. Singaporeans believe that if you go around a small fountain three times in a clockwise direction, dropping one hand into the water, it will bring good luck and prosperity. By the way, especially so that everyone could do this, three times a day the jets of a large fountain are turned off.
Bellagio Fountain (Las Vegas) - America's Most Famous Dancing Fountain
In the most wasteful and gambling city of America, Las Vegas, there is one completely free attraction. And, moreover, one that can be compared in popularity with the famous casinos of the gaming capital of the United States. This is a dancing fountain Bellagio, which was filmed in numerous films and TV shows. The Bellagio fountain was launched on October 15, 1998, on the opening day of the hotel-casino of the same name located next to it. The construction of the fountain cost $ 40 million, but the money was not in vain, as Bellagio managed to become a must-have program for all tourists who come to watch daily performances that go under classical music, as well as songs by Elton John, Madonna and Whitney Houston. By the way, there is a romantic legend connected with the fountain: they say that if you make a marriage proposal near Bellagio, the marriage will be long and happy.
The soaring fountains (Osaka) are the most airy
Tourists come to Osaka, Japan to see unusual floating fountains that have been trading for the fifth decade. No, scientists have not yet succeeded in defeating the force of gravity. But the fountains really seem to be hovering in the air.The idea of their creation belonged to the American architect of Japanese origin Isamu Noguchi, and the discovery was timed to coincide with the 1970 World Exhibition in Osaka. The main theme of the exhibition was progress, so it was required to create something that would amaze the audience and demonstrate the technological level achieved. The secret of the fountains lies in their support, which is hidden under the water and at the same time is completely transparent, which creates the illusion that the structure is held by the pressure of water and hovers above the ground. Despite the fact that the fountains were built more than 40 years ago, they still look spectacular and modern.
Mercury Fountain (Barcelona) - the most poisonous
Looking from a distance at a small fountain, which is stored today under protective glass in the Barcelona Fund Museum of Juan Miro, you can not say that it differs in something special. But in reality it is unique in its kind. Instead of the usual water, mercury flows through the fountain — the only metal that retains its liquid state at room temperature. The author of the mercury fountain was an American sculptor Alexander Calder, who received an order for its creation from the Spanish Republican government.For the first time the fountain was shown to the public in 1937 at the World Exhibition in Paris, and then it was transported to Barcelona. At first, no precautions were taken for the visitors of the fountain. And only in the 1950s, when the toxicity of mercury and its vapors was proven, was the fountain enclosed in a protective sarcophagus. So today his inspection poses no danger.
Trevi Fountain (Rome) - the most visited
Rome is often called the capital of fountains, where the title of king is firmly entrenched for the legendary Trevi. That he is one of the main attractions of the Italian capital, as well as one of the most visited fountains in the world. His impressive composition was created in the period from 1732 to 1762 by the architect Nicola Salvi. But in fact, a fountain in the place of the present has existed since the times of ancient Rome. In the XX century, Trevi turned into a real celebrity. He starred in numerous films, and in “Sweet Life” Federico Fellini became a full-fledged hero. In addition, a series of beliefs are associated with the Trevi Fountain. So, throwing one coin at him is sure to be waiting for a return to Rome. Two - love meeting. Three is a wedding. Four - wealth. Five - separation.Not surprisingly, this allowed the fountain to claim the title of one of the most profitable in the world. His annual income to the treasury of the city is about € 700,000.